Skip to main content

Full text of "The Instructor"

See other formats


. t ;*v : w?t". 





see pnge 



n struct or 



00 

* 

-Q 

E 

3 

z 

ON 

O- 

£ 
o 

> 



3 



t/N 
O 



< •- 



u 



o 



■1 


- 












< 


—1 










_i 


—i 














< 

_1 








s 


* 


X 


X 


X 


< 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


< 


< 


X 


■S 


X 


X 


< 


X 


x 

1 


! 
































5, 




s 


§ 








I 




* 


• 






• 




• 








• 








• 






• 








• 


























































• 






• 




• 








• 








• 






• 






"3 S 


• 




! 


■ 










































Is' 








s 


2 






m 










rt 


























g 


1 




CD 


o 




• 


CO 


• 








09 

O 








• 






• 








» 




CO 

1 1 


: B 




































































S 






























zl 




• 






• 




• 






% 


• 








• 






• 








• 






z 1 


















































K" 06 
CO CO 


CO 

is 




is 




CO 






































° 


SS 






IS 


• 


s* 


• 








• 


• 


• 




• 






• 


gs 






• 






u 
































































































5 




Kl 




• 






• 




• 








• 


• 


• 




• 






• 








• 






O 1 














































™ 


















s 


















s 




















• 






• 




• 








• 


• 






• 




pa 


• 








• 






u. 1 
















s. 


















o 






























§ 


















1 
















«/> I 




• 






• 




• 


Si 






• 


• 






• 




C4 


• 








• 






111 1 
















- 
































_. 
















«o 








B S 




KT 5 


























• 






• 




• 


s 

"S. 


3. 

oo 




• 


R S 
S o 






• 






• 








• 






9 


5 














1 








R 












9, 


f 






ST 
rt 







§ 


cc. 






• 




• 




CO 

1 




• 


• 


00 




• 


• 




• 




v. 




■ 




















§ 










rt 








5 












5 


CO 

CO 







• 






• 




• 


CO 

1 






• 




-> 




• 


• 


S 
^ 


• 








• 


o 


8 


rt 


• 


5 

o 




• 




• 








CO 

rt 

0> 






1 

\ 


• 


• 




• 


rt 

rt 

ox 






• 










$ 
















"ff 






? 


























• 


SI 




• 




• 








R 






CO 


• 


• 




• 








• 




1 








"S 
















\ 




& 










































































oo 


ON 


ON OV 


CO 


3 


o 


8 


S 8 





ON 

o 


— 


<>• 


^ 


N0 


00 


?5 


rs no oo 

CS <M CM . S 




•JON 

i- a 

s-S 

If 

°t 

!2^ 
u,C0 
a ~» 
ill fcT 

X 3 

5 as 
o 

■•4 

o 

1 


<N 






m 






5 

E 
• 


o 
















3 S 

9 

s 
ffl 




:* 

°ci 

E3 

-i i 

s ^ 
«ci 

z ** 

o b 

a. « 

"8 
of- 

< * 
«n-° 

in 

tu 

Z 

Ul 
IU 

U. 


«n «■» 
or ** 

°05 


a c 


1/1 On 

« K 
ui .3 

»- >i 

OK- 


o v 

SI 

of O ' 

Ul fV 


5* 
gas 

UJ ^ 

£ jo 

<S 
_■ *»> 
oO 
o« 

X B 
UJ) 
wi*Xj 

a c 
z - c 

<" a. 

u. 3 

S^ 

X u, 
UlU 


O o 

2 £ 

u,^ 

O-S 

R 


O o 
° B 

S* 

<§• 
u S 

al 

< 
Z 

ul 

X 




o S 

OS ! 

- 3 


ul ^ 

si 

OS 

le 
a* 

"I 1 

•- » 

§1 

<§ 

a-Q 

< i 

5^ 


o * 
5& 

X c 

<■« 
S e 

s.s 

u. P 

o o. 

u.«3 

°0 

«n ~ 

-j U) 

< B 
O v 

oO 

Ul V 

X< 
l- ♦* 

?s 

-o 

8 

s 


In B 

F 9 
10 1 

ui a 

1 
I* 

u 

VI 

>- 
«( 

a 

Z 
3 
in 

oe 
O 

z 

3 


3 8 

x 5 

z " 
~ >> 

o 
o 

OB 

in 

a 
o 
1 

< 

u. 

1- 
in 

o 

i 

Ul 

Z 

i- 


o £ 
u. e 

<n * 
3 >~ 

o'S 

O-B 

T "J 

Geo 

«. "8 

si 

3 U 


i| 

I- -6 

el 

og 

Ul"C 

5 a 
*eq 

£^> 
o* 

Ul 

tL 

s 

o 

z 

Ul 

z 

ul 

X 

i 


iy ^ 

x* 


1-1 

x s 


11 
11 


JJ- § 

•n 3 

2 o 


Ell 

HJirgjB 


ftcs P!*< ft ""n x**" 
S O* B O E 

x.i | lee -J 

2* £.3 S* 6$ 
" w u« S* o^ 

|s 3§ *--b Q | 

hi ?-1 s l si 

P II Si 2^ 

s- SI *i s* 

ui X & 

x -> 

1- b 

< -a 

5 1 


it 5°^ Se; az 

K<§ «2 81 <| 
<§ s| el i«- 

gt -« H si 

"■ * HI ?S «0 

S* z rg 
2 p 

Z SK) 

3 tu ■>* 

O x c 

>■ *^ 53 

o ^ 

_1 **o 


R ;i 5 ° 

3| 2 1 E l 

^ xl O^ 

"5 ? 

O v ft 

M W O 

<n-B _ 

ui *■ X 

»■& i 

1 s 

>, ui 


as B 
S 9 

i- -B 

S m 

§^ 

z^ 

<>•? 
3-8 

«n[^ 
3^ 

•- S> 
UI«Q 

-i 




•2 


Ul 

X 


s Is 

X 








|4 




T3 
1 


Z 










o z 

IU* 




►B 




hi 
O 














2 










M 

H 

3 




1 




Z 
< 












1 

3 


Z 










o 
o 




















CO 


Ul 














£ 


















Q 

X 

u 

>- 

X 












































s 



















>1 

CO 

•3 



0) 



o a 
o o 



O CO 

CQ p 

2 I 

"a to 

S w 

•8° 



a — 

O en 

c S 

R CO 

X ■a 

s a 

.2 £ 
(8 

■o a 

I i 



m 

>> 

CIS 

a 

3 

to 



OS t» 
r-i o 
© U 



"8 
>. 

<a 

a; 

O 

a 

as 
I 

CO 



5 « 



a 



1 



CU 



o 

& 
o 






1 



2 
1 



CU 

3 
1 
"a 

• I-* 

1 



I 

p— J 

CO 

'S 

CU 
-t-» 

to 

s 



a 



s 

< 



2 
II 



3 



v a 



| 

1 t;. 



a 

>, § -i 
1 ,s 

o o "g 
S2 .•§■» 

< T) CD 
ID Q 

co a 
"2 s -3 

a ■ 1 



a 

60 

o 

■8 

a 

CO 



CU 

p3 in 

5S 




The Fleetness 

arid Responsibility 

of Youth 



NO parent would ever do anything to lessen the 
sweetness of life in youth. No law has ever 
been passed to make youth less vigorous, less hopeful. 
There is no person living who has even had a thought, 
I hope, of depriving youth of the happiness due them. 
Just a word to the youth of this Church. It will 
not be long until you will be carrying the respon- 
sibility of the men and women who are here with us 
today. Oh, how quickly the years pass! I thought 
of that not long ago when Sister McKay and I at- 
tended the baptism of our 8-year-old grandson. In 
one instant it recalled to me my own baptism as a 
boy. It answered a question that I heard asked by 
someone who was doubting the advisability of bap- 
tizing at 8 years of age, stating, "The child knows 
nothing and does not understand it." 

Baptism Symbolic of Purification 

However, I was surprised to realize how many 
things I could remember of that baptism 82 years 
ago there on the banks of old Spring Creek in Hunts- 
ville, (Utah). I seemed to recall the willows that 
lined the bank of the creek. I could see again the 
old flour mill in the distance, and I recalled the 
people who were baptized. A sister from Denmark 
was one of them. I recalled Peter G. Geertsen who 
had charge of the baptism. I could hear the words 
spoken. An 8-year-old boy knows a great deal. I 



by President David 0. McKay 



(For Course 6, lesson of November 8, "People Are Responsible 
for Their Own Actions"; for Course 16, lessons of October 11 and 18, 
"The Way of Salvation for All Men"; for Course 24, lesson of 
November 8, "Free Agency and Choice"; and for general reading.) 



recalled the significance of that baptism ordinance. 
Of course, I could not remember all that was said; 
but I do remember that I was instructed not to 
swear nor use bad words; that if I had spoken harsh- 
ly to my mother, I was not to do it any more; that 
I was never to be disobedient. 

These things are just as significant to adults who 
understand that baptism has a three-fold significance 
— a burial in water, not sprinkling, not water poured 
on the head. There is no symbolism in that. 

There are three elements in which the human 
being may be buried: the air, which is our native 
element; the earth, which is our final resting place; 
and third, the element of water, symbolizing purifica- 
tion as well as burial. It is really more than a figure 
of speech. Therefore, when we are buried with Christ 
by baptism unto His death, just as Christ was raised 
from the dead by the glory of His Father, even so 
we should walk in the newness of life. 

Our old life is buried. To profane the name of 
God is buried. Dishonest dealing with our fellowmen 
is buried. Desecration of holy things is buried. This 
is one thing which baptism means — we are born 
again that we may walk in a newness of life! 

A Child Understands 

Everyone does not understand this as we do. A 
child understands it as the initial ordinance to mem- 
bership in the Church of Christ. It is the door 
through which he is to walk. He understands that 
baptism is in obedience to a command of God. Adults 



AUGUST 1964 



289 



can hear the words of the Saviour, ". . . Suffer it 
to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all 
righteousness. . . ." (Matthew 3:15.) This is truly 
significant! 

I am not saying that an 8 -year-old boy under- 
stands that. No, he does not; but he does understand 
the things significant to him in his boyhood. In part, 
he is obedient to his parents, particularly in respond- 
ing to the instructions of the ward officers, in attend- 
ing Primary, Sunday School, etc., and in telling the 
truth, a wonderful virtue in childhood. 

Choose To Worship the Lord 

The years pass quickly when you arrive in your 
teens. Looking forward, the future seems to be away 
off; but when you look backward, it seems a short 
time indeed. Young people must choose the old 
question as given by Joshua thousands of years ago 
— it is still the question of today: 

. . . Choose you this day whom ye will serve; 
whether the gods which your fathers served that 
were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of 
the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me 
and my house, we will serve the Lord. (Joshua 24: 
15.) 

Choose to worship the Lord! That is your choice, 
young folks, not in the way Joshua put it; but it is 
your decision now. Every day you have to make a 
choice — whether it will be for good or for evil. 

I wonder whenever I meet young people how 
many are strong enough to choose the right way. 
There are some who think that to choose the religious 
way of life brings unhappiness. Hundreds of thou- 
sands, indeed millions of people think that to be re- 
ligious is to deprive one of the joy of life. One of the 
most erroneous conclusions of the human mind is to 
think that to choose a religious life is to deprive one 
of happiness. There is a big difference between pleas- 
ure and joy and happiness. Any animal can enjoy 
pleasure; a cow, a horse, a lion, or a pig — they know 
nothing about happiness, about joy. It is surprising 
how many intelligent men and women choose pleas- 
ure instead of happiness or joy. 

Religion for Youth 

Many years ago one of our early patriots, Patrick 
Henry, in his old age said: "I have now disposed of 
all my property to my family. — There is one thing 
more I wish I could give them, and that is the Chris- 
tian religion. — If they had that, and I had not given 
them one shilling, they would have been rich, and 
if they had not that, and I had given them all the 
world, they would be poor." 



Sir Humphrey Davy, a great English philosopher, 
a clear-thinking man who glimpsed the values of the 
Christian religion, said: "If I could choose what of 
all things would be at the same time the most de- 
lightful and useful to me, I should prefer a firm re- 
ligious belief to every other blessing. ..." 

I would say to the young people, choose the right 
life, the religious life, if you please. Choose the 
happy way of life. It is not in indulgence, not in 
defiance of the laws of virtue — it is by obedience to 
the laws of virtue that you are happy. Learn that 
early in life, then three or four score years will soon 
pass, and you can look back without any regrets. 

The Prodigal Son 

Jesus has given us a wonderful example in the 
parable of the "Prodigal Son." It touches the heart of 
man. You will recall that the son of a wealthy man 
felt irked by his surroundings. He resented family 
restraint; and, in the second place, he was afflicted 
(and I use that word advisedly) with self-conceit. 
He thought he knew more how to handle his portion 
of the family wealth than did his father. Such self- 
conceit is an affliction of youth. Young men think 
they know more when they graduate from university 
than their parents will ever know. This Prodigal Son 
had a desire to get enjoyment out of life, and his 
self-conceit led him into it. He wished to be free, 
to indulge himself as he would; and so he went to 
his father and said, "Give me my portion." He knew 
he could spend it as he wanted to, and so the father 
gave him his portion of wealth. 

The young man left the family. He had his 
pleasure. His would-be friends flocked around to 
share the expenditure of his wealth, and they all 
had a good time. 

The Prodigal Son found that while his money 
lasted he had many friends; but, finally, when his 
money vanished, so did those friends. Then he found 
himself under the necessity of going to work. And 
the only work that he could find — the lowest place 
mentioned in the scriptures — was feeding hogs. He 
would eat of the husks thrown out to these beasts. 
There is a phrase used in that parable which is very 
significant. It is, "when he came to himself." The 
Prodigal Son said that the servants in his father's 
employ were better taken care of than he was. So he 
said, "I will arise and go to my father, and will say 
unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and 
before thee, And am no more worthy to be called thy 
son: make me as one of thy hired servants." (Luke 
15:18, 19.) And he went and asked his father's 
forgiveness. 



290 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



"Learn Wisdom in Thy Youth" 

Young people, that is a parable that Jesus gave! 
As in all His parables and sayings, it has a lesson of 
life. Are we wise enough in our teens to read it? That 
Prodigal Son had his good time. Any boy or girl 
can have a good time. No matter what father says, 
or how mother pleads, any boy or girl can have that 
kind of good time. She can sneak it; he can sneak it. 
Sin never was happiness. "Wickedness never was 
happiness"; we never find it to be so; it is a mirage. 
I remember reading in a young girl's letter the state- 
ment that her sweetheart who had proposed marriage 
had said to her: "The marriage ceremony is merely 
a form. Since we love each other, we may take all 
the liberties." A young man who will talk to his 
proposed wife in that manner is contemptible! He 
would deprive that sweet, young girl of that which is 
most precious in life. He was seeking joy that would 
not come. He crushed the rose from the hand; it 
wilted to dust. "Wickedness never was happiness." 
The man who intends to get something for nothing 
will probably pay for it in the penitentiary, if he 
assumes to live wrongfully. "In the sweat of thy 
face shalt thou eat bread" is an eternal law. Young 
folks should learn this in their teens. They should 
learn to put forth an effort to bring joy into their 
souls. 

Youth, Keep Virtue 

Young folks, if you would be happy, keep within 
the bounds of virtue, within the bounds of integrity; 



keep within the bounds of beauty of soul which has 
power even to transform your features. 

You are the fellow who has to decide 
Whether you'll do it or toss it aside. 
You are the fellow who makes up your mind 
Whether you'll lead or will linger behind. 
Whether you'll try for the goal that's afar 
Or just be contented to stay where you are. 
Take it or leave it. Here's something to do! 
Just think it over — It's all up to you! 

# sfs if; 

So, whatever it is you are wanting to be, 
Remember, to fashion the choice you are free 
Kindly or selfish, or gentle or strong, 
Keeping the right way or taking the wrong, 
Careless of honor or guarding your pride, 
All these are questions which you must decide. 
Yours the selection, whichever you do; 
The thing men call character's all up to you. 

— Edgar A. Guest. 

Young people all over the world, I wish you could 
say just those things, because they are vital to the 
next few years for your happiness and your joy. I 
repeat, how quickly those dream years pass! What 
you do now determines your happiness throughout 
eternity. So, in the words of Charles MacKay, the 
Scottish poet: 

If I were a voice — a persuasive voice 
That could travel the wide world through, 
I would fly on the beams of the morning light, 
And speak to men with a gentle might, 
And tell them to be true. 

Library File Reference: Youth. 



INSTRU CTOR STAFF 



Editor : 
President David O. McKay 

Associate Editors: 

General Superintendent George R. Hill 

Lorin F. Wheelwright 

Business Manager: 
Richard E. Folland 

Managing Editor: 
Boyd O. Hatch 

Production Editor: 
Burl Shephard 

Manuscript Editor: 
Richard E. Scholle 

Research Editor: 
H. George Bickerstaff 

Art Director: 
Sherman T. Martin 

Circulation Manager: 
Joan Barber 

Instructor Secretary: 
Pat Gehrke 

Consultant : 
A. William Lund 



Instructor Committee : 

Chairman Lorin F. Wheelwright, Richard E. 
Folland, Marie F. Felt, A. William Lund, Ken- 
neth S. Bennion, H. Aldous Dixon, Leland H. 
Monson, Alexander Schreiner, Lorna C. Alder, 
Vernon J. LeeMaster, Claribel W. Aldous, 
Henry Eyring, Clarence Tyndall, Wallace G. 
Bennett, Camille W. Halliday, Margaret 
Hopkinson, Edith M. Nash, Alva H. Parry, 
Bernard S. Walker, Paul B. Tanner, Lewis 
J. Wallace, Arthur D. Browne, Howard S. 
Bennion, Herald L. Carlston, Bertrand F. 
Harrison, Willis S. Peterson, Greldon L. Nel- 
son, G. Robert Ruff, Anthony I. Bentley, 
Marshall T. Burton, Calvin C. Cook, A. 
Hamer Reiser, Clarence L. Madsen, J. Elliot 
Cameron. 



Published by the Deseret Sunday School Union 
of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, the first day of every month at Salt Lake 
City, Utah. Entered at Salt Lake City Post Office 
as second class matter acceptable for mailing at 
special rate of postage provided in Section 1103, 
Act of Oct. 3, 1917, authorized on July 8, 1928. 
Copyright 1964 by the Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board. All rights reserved. 

Thirty to forty-five days' notice required for 
change of address. When ordering a change, 
please include address slip from a recent issue 
of the magazine. Address changes cannot be 
made unless the old address as well as the new 
one is included. Also, report the new postal ZIP 
Code number. 

Mail subscriptions to The Instructor, 135 South 
State Street, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84111. Subscrip- 
tion price is $3 per year paid in advance. Single 
issues, 35 cents each. 

Bound volumes sell for $6.75 when all maga- 
zines are furnished by The Instructor. When sub- 
scriber supplies his own issues, binding charge 
is $3.75. ' 



AUGUST 1964 



291 




Here is a large family that has learned to...'. 



Respect the Rights of Others 



by Caroline Kimball BerretV 



The Crozier Rodney Kimball family lives in 
Provo, Utah. The children of this family, 14 in all, 
have learned that: "Respecting the rights and be- 
longings of others makes people happy." Such a large 
family could have many problems unless this objec- 
tive is followed. 

When Bruce was born, Jolene hurried to school 
to tell her teacher about the new, little, baby brother. 

"My," the teacher remarked, "it must take a lot 
of money for so many children." 

"Oh," exclaimed Jolene, "we don't buy them; we 
raise them!" 

This is a busy home where there is much love 
and happiness. Each child has chores to do. Five- 
year-old Bruce and 4-year-old LeNeve, who are the 
youngest in the family, pick up their toys, put their 



(For Course 2, lesson of October 11, "Respecting the Rights and 
Belongings of Others Makes People Happy"; for Course 1, lesson of 
November 22, "There Is Love in My Family for Me"; for Course 24, 
lesson of October 18, "Human Relationships"; and for general read- 
ing.) 

* Sister Caroline Kimball Berrett is a sister to Crozier Rodney 
Kimball, the father mentioned in this article. The author is mother 
of another large family. She and her husband, Golden L. Berrett, 
a member of the Deseret Sunday School Union Board, are parents of 
eight children, three girls and five boys, and grandparents of ten 
grandchildren. In the family in which she and Crozier Rodney are 
brother and sister there are ten children. In addition to being a 
mother, Sister Berrett recently authored a film strip entitled, "The 
Awakening," which is being used throughout the Church by the 
Relief Society during their Saturday night meetings in conjunction 
with stake conferences. She is also president of the Relief Society in 
Butler Stake in Salt Lake County. 



clothes away, often help mother with the dishes, 
and run many other errands. They also take 
care of George, the cat, and Shivers, the dog. When 
their daddy and big brother, Randy, milk Queenie, 
the cow, Bruce and LeNeve enjoy watching. Some- 
times they help brush her and feed her grain and 
hay. They like to drink milk after it has been 
strained and cooled. How good it tastes with the 
cookies Sharon and Ruby, their big sisters, help 
mother to make. 

Clea, age 9, spends much of her time watching 
and playing with Bruce and LeNeve. Sometimes 
Clea, Jolene, and Stanley care for the little grand- 
children who come to visit. 

A very special night comes every Monday. This 
is family night. Each member of the family has a 
turn to plan and conduct the program. At this time 
problems are talked over and worked out. Games 
are played, songs are sung, and light refreshments 
served. 

One very strict rule of this family is, "No one gets 
into another person's drawer or personal belongings." 
Not long ago LeNeve picked up Jolene's 'Tammy' 
doll, and then she remembered the rule. "Mommie, 
we don't play with Jolene's Tammy' doll unless she 
says we can, do we?" Putting the doll down, LeNeve 



292 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Rodney and LeNeve Kimball, their children 

and grandchildren, enjoy a family night together. 




Making cookies for the whole 
family is a project in which 
Sharon and Ruby cooperate. 



Bruce and LeNeve Kimball 
help with dishes while a 
watchful mother encourages. 



continued, "Jolene would be unhappy if I took her 
doll without permission, wouldn't she?" 

Although these children respect the rights of 
others, they love to share with one another. When 
they attend birthday, school, or Church parties and 
receive a special treat, it is usually brought home and 
divided with the others. When eating a meal, some- 
times there are just enough servings to go around. 
These children always make sure that no one goes 
without. 

Father Rodney and Mother LeNeve have been 
very strict about the children returning toys or other 
belongings that come home by mistake. Another rule 
of this family is: "We always treat our family and 
friends as we would like them to treat us." 

When Randy was a little boy, he and a friend 
went into a neighbor's chicken coop and broke eggs. 
Mother LeNeve took Randy back to the neighbors, 
and he told the neighbor he was sorry. The price 
of the eggs was figured to be three dollars. For sev- 
eral weeks Randy mowed lawns, picked up limbs in 
the orchard, and cleaned the basement until he had 
earned three dollars with which to pay the neighbor 
for the broken eggs. 

One day Lee bought some articles of clothing at 
a store. The clerk gave him change for a ten-dollar 
bill instead of a five. Lee didn't realize the mistake 
until he reached home. He walked back to the store, 
a distance of three miles, to return the change. 

"Ladies before gentlemen," is another rule. One 
day Bruce asked his mother, "Was I born before 
LeNeve?" 

"Yes, you were," answered his mother. 

"Then this is one time gentlemen come before 
ladies," said Bruce. 

Sylvia, the oldest child of the Kimball family, 



A happy family is one that 
works and plays together, 
typifying "Utah's best crop." 



"Queenie" helps supply milk 
for the large family. Randy 
is attending to the milking. 



is married and has five little children of her own. 
Recently she was quite ill. Sharon, who is 16, cared 
for Sylvia's children and her house. Whenever Sylvia, 
who lives in a different ward, has Church respon- 
sibilities which are not conflicting with Sharon, 
Ruby, and Jolene's, they take turns caring for her 
children. At times like this they do not accept any 
money. This is helping Heavenly Father as well as 
Sylvia. 

Jolene, Ruby, and Sharon "baby sit." As much 
as possible they take care of their own needs finan- 
cially. The money saved is to help their missionary 
brother, Lee, who is in faraway Australia. Each mem- 
ber of the family feels that Lee is his responsibility. 
When family and personal prayers are said, Lee is 
always remembered. 

Eighteen-year-old Randy, who attends Brigham 
Young University, and 10-year-old Stanley, who is a 
fine little gentleman, are looking forward to their 
turns in the mission field. Each has a mission fund. 

Fine examples are being set for this outstanding 
family by Rodney and Larry, who are both married. 
Rodney, the father of one, teaches seminary in Rich- 
field. Larry, the father of three, graduated from 
Brigham Young University this past spring. 

Rex and David, two of the little brothers of this 
family, live with Heavenly Father. Each of the re- 
maining children wants to live so that some time he 
will be with Rex and David again. They speak of 
these little brothers often. 

You can see that Bruce and LeNeve, as well as 
their brothers and sisters, have been taught to re- 
spect the rights of others and also to treat others 
as they would like to be treated. What a happy 
family they are because of their love and respect 
for one another! 



Library File Reference: Family Life. 



AUGUST 1964 



293 



ff 



And Thus Was the Gospel 
Preached to the Dead" 



On the third of October, in the year nineteen 
hundred and eighteen, I sat in my room pondering 
over the Scriptures and reflecting upon the great 
atoning sacrifice that was made by the Son of God 
for the redemption of the world, and the great and 
wonderful love made manifest by the Father and 
the Son in the coming of the Redeemer into the 
world, that through His atonement and by obe- 
dience to the principles of the Gospel, mankind 
might be saved. 

While I was thus engaged, my mind reverted to 
the writings of the Apostle Peter to the primitive 
saints scattered abroad throughout Pontus, Galatia, 
Cappadocia, and other parts of Asia where the Gos- 
pel had been preached after the crucifixion of the 
Lord. I opened the Bible and read the third and 
fourth chapters of the first epistle of Peter, and as 
I read I was greatly impressed, more than I had 
ever been before, with the following passages: 

For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the 
just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, 
being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by 
the Spirit: 

By which also he went and preached unto the 
spirits in prison; 

Which sometime were disobedient, when once the 
longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, 
while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, 
eight souls were saved by water. (I Peter 3:18-20.) 

For for this cause was the gospel preached also 
to them that are dead, that they might be judged 
according to men in the flesh, but live according to 
God in the spirit. (I Peter 4:6.) 

I Sow the Hosts of the Dead 

As I pondered over these things which are written, 
the eyes of my understanding were opened, and the 
Spirit of the Lord rested upon me, and I saw the 
hosts of the dead, both small and great. And there 
were gathered together in one place an innumerable 
company of the spirits of the just, who had been 
faithful in the testimony of Jesus while they lived in 
mortality, and who had offered sacrifice in the simili- 
tude of the great sacrifice of the Son of God, and 
had suffered tribulation in their Redeemer's name. 
All these had departed the mortal life, firm in the 
hope of a glorious resurrection, through the grace 
of God the Father and His Only Begotten Son, 
Jesus Christ. I beheld that they were filled with 

(For Course 16, lessons of October 11 and 18, "The Way of 
Salvation for All Men"; and for general reading.) 



joy and gladness, and were rejoicing together because 
the day of their deliverance was at hand. They were 
assembled awaiting the advent of the Son of God 
into the spirit world, to declare their redemption 
from the bands of death. Their sleeping dust was 
to be restored unto its perfect frame, bone to his 
bone, and the sinews and the flesh upon them, the 
spirit and the body to be united never again to be 
divided, that they might receive a fulness of joy. 

The Son of God Appeared 

While this vast multitude waited and conversed, 
rejoicing in the hour of their deliverance from the 
chains of death, the Son of God appeared, declaring 
liberty to the captives who had been faithful, and 
there He preached to them the everlasting Gospel, 
the doctrine of the resurrection and the redemption 
of mankind from the fall, and from individual sins 
on conditions of repentance. But unto the wicked 
He did not go, and among the ungodly and the un- 
repentant who had defiled themselves while in the 
flesh, His voice was not raised, neither did the re- 
bellious who rejected the testimonies and the warn- 
ings of the ancient prophets behold His presence, nor 
look upon His face. Where these were, darkness 
reigned, but among the righteous there was peace, 
and the Saints rejoiced in their redemption, and 
bowed the knee and acknowledged the Son of God 
as their Redeemer and Deliverer from death and 
the chains of hell. Their countenances shone and 
the radiance from the presence of the Lord rested 
upon them and they sang praises unto His holy name. 

I marveled, for I understood that the Saviour 
spent about three years in His ministry among the 
Jews and those of the house of Israel, endeavoring 
to teach them the everlasting Gospel and call them 
unto repentance; and yet, notwithstanding His 
mighty works and miracles and proclamation of the 
truth in great power and authority, there were but 
few who hearkened to His voice and rejoiced in His 
presence and received salvation at His hands. But 
His ministry among those who were dead was lim- 
ited to the brief time intervening between the cruci- 
fixion and His resurrection; and I wondered at the 
words of Peter wherein he said that the Son of God 
preached unto the spirits in prison who sometime 
were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God 
waited in the days of Noah, and how it was possible 
for Him to preach to those spirits and perform the 
necessary labor among them in so short a time. 



294 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



^K? 5 ^ 




President Joseph F. Smith 

And Thus Was the Gospel Preached to the Dead 

And as I wondered, my eyes were opened, and 
my understanding quickened, and I perceived that 
the Lord went not in person among the wicked and 
the disobedient who had rejected the truth, to teach 
them; but behold, from among the righteous He or- 
ganized His forces and appointed messengers, clothed 
with power and authority, and commissioned them to 
go forth and carry the light of the Gospel to them 
that were in darkness, even to all the spirits of men. 
And thus was the Gospel preached to the dead. And 
the chosen messengers went forth to declare the ac- 
ceptable day of the Lord and proclaim liberty to the 
captives who were bound; even unto all who would 
repent of their sins and receive the Gospel. Thus 
was the Gospel preached to those who had died in 
their sins, without a knowledge of the truth, or in 
transgression, having rejected the prophets. These 
were taught faith in God, repentance from sin, vicari- 
ous baptism for the remission of sins, the gift of the 
Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, and all other 
principles of the Gospel that were necessary for them 
to know in order to qualify themselves that they 
might be judged according to men in the flesh, but 
live according to God in the spirit. 

And so it was made known among the dead, both 
small and great, the unrighteous as well as the faith- 
ful, that redemption had been wrought through the 
sacrifice of the Son of God upon the cross. Thus was 
it made known that our Redeemer spent His time 
during His sojourn in the world of spirits, instruct- 
ing and preparing the faithful spirits of the prophets 
who had testified of Him in the flesh, that they might 
carry the message of redemption unto all the dead 
unto whom He could not go personally because of 
their rebellion and transgression, that they through 



President Joseph F. Smith's Vision of the 
Redemption of the Dead* 



the ministration of His servants might also hear His 
words. 

The Noble and Great Were There 

Among the great and mighty ones who were as- 
sembled in this vast congregation of the righteous, 
were Father Adam, the Ancient of Days and father 
of all, and our glorious Mother Eve, with many of 
her faithful daughters who had lived through the 
ages and worshiped the true and living God. Abel, 
the first martyr, was there, and his brother Seth, 
one of the mighty ones, who was in the express image 
of his father, Adam; Noah, who gave warning of the 
flood; Shem, the great High Priest; Abraham, the 
father of the faithful; Isaac, Jacob, and Moses, the 
great law-giver of Israel; Isaiah, who declared by 
prophecy that the Redeemer was anointed to bind 
up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the 
captives, and the opening of the prison to them that 
were bound, were also there. 

Moreover, Ezekiel, who was shown in vision the 
great valley of dry bones which were to be clothed 
upon with flesh to come forth again in the resurrec- 
tion of the dead, living souls; Daniel, who foresaw 
and foretold the establishment of the kingdom of God 
in the latter days, never again to be destroyed nor 
given to other people; Elias, who was with Moses 
on the Mount of Transfiguration; Malachi, the 
prophet who testified of the coming of Elijah — of 
whom also Moroni spake to the Prophet Joseph 
Smith — declaring that he should come before the 
ushering in of the great and dreadful day of the 
Lord, were also there. The prophet Elijah was to 
plant in the hearts of the children the promises made 
to their fathers, foreshadowing the great work to be 
done in the temples of the Lord in the Dispensation 
of the Fulness of Times, for the redemption of the 
dead and the sealing of the children to their parents, 
lest the whole earth be smitten with a curse and 
utterly wasted at His coming. 

All these and many more, even the prophets who 
dwelt among the Nephites and testified of the com- 
ing of the Son of God, mingled in the vast assembly 
and waited for their deliverance, for the dead had 
looked upon the long absence of their spirits from 
their bodies as a bondage. These the Lord taught, 
and gave them power to come forth, after His resur- 
(Concluded on page 297.) 



*Reprinted from Gospel Doctrine, Selections from the Sermons 
and Writings of Joseph F. Smith, fourth edition; Deseret Book Com- 
pany, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1928; pages 596-610. 



AUGUST 1964 



295 



Teacher Improvement Lesson for October by Henry Eyring 

How To Be Tolerant of Others 

FOURTH IN A SERIES ON "WE'LL KEEP A WELCOME" IN SUNDAY SCHOOL 



Editor's Note: This teacher improvement lesson is part 
of a series which relates to the 1964 Sunday School Con- 
ference theme, "We'll Keep a Welcome." Sunday School 
General Board members are visiting stakes and missions 
during 1964 quarterly conferences to give further instruc- 
tions pertaining to this theme. All Sunday School workers 
are urged to keep these articles for future reference. Ward 
and branch officers and teachers in the Sunday School are 
requested to study and apply the principles presented in 
this series. Thus, a Church-wide effort to keep a welcome 
will be presented through all Sunday Schools during the 
1964-65 year. 

No virtue is more becoming than humility, and in 
no way does humility shine more brightly than in 
the honest recognition of one's own limitations. Who 
has not been delighted by the down-to-earth speaker 
who knows when to say, "I don't know." 

Ringing down through the ages comes the voice 
of Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, member of the San- 
hedrin, and a teacher of Paul. We are told in Acts 
that Peter and the other apostles with him preached 
to the people in the temple. Then the high priest 
and the captain of the temple and the chief priests 
were worried as to how far this would lead. They 
arrested the brethren and took them before the 
council and accused them, saying: 

"... Did not we straitly command you that ye 
should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have 
filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to 
bring this man's blood upon us. 

"Then Peter and the other apostles answered and 
said, We ought to obey God rather than men. 

"The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom 
ye slew and hanged on a tree. 

"Him hath God exalted with his right hand to 
be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to 
Israel, and forgiveness of sins. 

"And we are his witnesses of these things; and 
so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to 
them that obey him. 

"When they heard that, they were cut to the 
heart, and took counsel to slay them. 

"Then stood there up one in the council, a Phari- 
see, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in 
reputation among all the people, and . . . said unto 
them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what 
ye intend to do as touching these men. . . . 

"And now I say unto you, Refrain from these 
men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this 
work be of men, it will come to nought: 



"But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest 
haply ye be found even to fight against God. 

"And to him they agreed: and when they had 
called the apostles, and beaten them, they com- 
manded that they should not speak in the name of 
Jesus, and let them go. 

"And they departed from the presence of the 
council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to 
suffer shame for his name. 

"And daily in the temple, and in every house, 
they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ." 
(Acts 5:28-42.) 

Latter-day Saints hold in grateful remembrance 
the names of other men who in modern times shield- 
ed the oppressed Saints from the vengeful destruc- 
tion of the oppressor. High on this list stands the 
name of General Alexander W. Doniphan. General 
Doniphan was three years younger than the Prophet 
Jbseph Smith and faithfully served as his legal coun- 
sel in Clay County, Missouri. During the Missouri 
persecutions General Doniphan commanded militia 
under General Lucas, a bitter enemy of the Saints. 
The latter, by a ruse, had taken the Prophet and 
others of the brethren prisoners, convened a court 
martial, and sentenced them to death. 

About midnight of Nov. 2, 1838, General Lucas 
wrote: "Brigadier- General Doniphan — Sir: You will 
take Joseph Smith and the other prisoners into the 
public square of Far West, and shoot them at 9 
o'clock tomorrow morning. (Signed) Samuel D. Lu- 
cas, Major-General Commanding." 

General Doniphan replied: 

"It is cold-blooded murder. I will not obey 
your order. My brigade shall march for Liberty to- 
morrow morning at 8 o'clock; and if you execute 
these men, I will hold you responsible before an 
earthly tribunal, so help me God. (Signed) A. W. 
Doniphan, Brigadier General." 1 

Alexander Doniphan, who was only thirty years 
old when this happened, always remained friendly to 
the Saints, became a hero in the Mexican War, and 
served two terms in the United States Senate. In 
May, 1874, General Doniphan visited Utah and spent 
some time with President Young. The man who had 
saved the life of the Prophet was naturally a wel- 



^oseph Smith, History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints Volume III; Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1905; 
pages 190, 191. 



296 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



come guest in Salt Lake City. The utter destruc- 
tion of Jackson County, foretold by the Prophet Jo- 
seph, had made a deep impression on the general. 
Doniphan was a tolerant, courageous, good man who 
believed in justice, even when following his con- 
science might have destroyed him. 

Perhaps the greatest friend of our people was 
Colonel Thomas L. Kane. A confidant of presidents 
of the United States, he espoused our cause through 
all the years when we were least popular, with no 
possibility of worldly advantage. He and his father 
helped with the arrangements for the Mormon Bat- 
talion. 

Later when Johnston's army was ready to invade 
Utah, he negotiated with the President and with 
President Brigham Young, thus shielding us from 
disaster. In fact, he stood ready to help whenever 



the need arose. Apparently he had some reserva- 
tions about us since he never joined the Church; but 
whatever these reservations were, tolerance and 
common humanity made him our ever-faithful friend. 

Will Rogers said, "I never met a man I didn't 
like." People are generally tolerant of those whom 
they take the trouble to understand. 

Tolerance breeds tolerance in return. The great 
colonizer, President Brigham Young, welcomed 
Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Hyde back after the 
grave mistakes they had made in Missouri, and he 
was a faithful friend to General Doniphan and Colo- 
nel Kane. 

Big men are tolerant without compromising their 
principles. They keep the welcome! 



Library File Reference 1 : Tolerance. 



AND THUS WAS THE GOSPEL PREACHED TO THE DEAD (Concluded from page 295.) 



rection from the dead, to enter into His Father's 
kingdom, there to be crowned with immortality and 
eternal life, and continue thenceforth their labors 
as had been promised by the Lord, and be partakers 
of all blessings which were held in reserve for them 
that love Him. 

Latter-day Prophets Were There 

The Prophet Joseph Smith, and my father, Hy- 
rum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Wilford 
Woodruff, and other choice spirits who were reserved 
to come forth in the fulness of times to take part in 
laying the foundations of the great Latter-day work, 
including the building of the temples and the per- 
formance of ordinances therein for the redemption 
of the dead, were also in the spirit world. I observed 
that they were also among the noble and great ones 
who were chosen in the beginning to be rulers in the 
Church of God. Even before they were born, they, 
with many others, received their first lessons in the 



world of spirits, and were prepared to come forth in 
the due time of the Lord to labor in His vineyard 
for the salvation of the souls of men. 

I beheld that the faithful elders of this dispensa- 
tion, when they depart from mortal life, continue 
their labors in the preaching of the Gospel of re- 
pentance and redemption, through the sacrifice of 
the Only Begotten Son of God, among those who are 
in darkness and under the bondage of sin in the 
great world of the spirits of the dead. The dead who 
repent will be redeemed, through obedience to the 
ordinances of the house of God, and after they have 
paid the penalty of their transgressions, and are 
washed clean, shall receive a reward according to 
their works, for they are heirs of salvation. 

Thus was the vision of the redemption of the 
dead revealed to me, and I bear record, and I know 
that this record is true, through the blessing of our 
Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, even so. Amen. 



Library File Reference: Salvation. 



WHERE IS 

OPPORTUNITY? 

(Our Cover) 

There are many ways to 

promote goodwill, to teach 

the Gospel of Jesus Christ, 

and to find great satisfaction 

and joy in the doing. 

In this picture, Nila Hess 
and David Handy, two per- 
formers of the Yovail Dancers 



from Pasadena, California, 
perform an Israeli dance, an 
interpretation from the Song 
of Solomon called Dodi Li, 
"Come My Beloved." 

Their opportunity grew out 
of an "Understanding Israel" 
program. A willingness to 
take advantage of their op- 
portunity, to work and to 
study, and a desire to help 



others — these have brought 
fulfillment to the youthful 
dance group. 

— Burl Shephard. 



(For Course 4, lesson of September 
13, "When We Know People We Love 
Them"; for Course 6, lesson of Decem- 
ber 6, "Organization of the Church Pro- 
vides Many Opportunities"; for Course 
16, lessons of October 25 and November 
1, "The Gathering of Israel"; and for 
Course 28, lesson of October 25, "The 
Dispersion and Gathering of Israel"; 
and of general interest ) 
Library File Reference: Israelites — Cos- 
tumes. 



AUGUST 1964 



297 



We Can Export 
Brotherhood 



Consider the people who came over on the Mayflower, 
who left every comfort and every material advantage 
because they believed in a principle that said, ''Happi- 
ness is impossible unless men can be free" They be- 
lieved in the statement: ". . . Where the spirit of the 
Lord is, there is liberty." (II Corinthians 3:17.) 

There never has been a time when there was such 
a need for love, for brotherhood, and for spirituality. 
We can export brotherhood — as well as our material 
goods and gadgets. 



Editor's Note: This article is excerpted from a talk 
given at Brigham Young University, Jan. 17, 1964, by Sister 
Lenore Lafount Romney, wife of George Romney, governor 
of Michigan. The full text of Sister Romney's address can 
be obtained by writing to the Department of Extension 
Publications, Young House, Brigham Young University, 
Provo, Utah. Copies are sold for 20 cents each. 

Our Judaeo-Christian tradition is based on the 
fact that each man has worth and dignity. Each 
human being upon the earth, regardless of race, 
creed, or color is given his worth, not by you nor me, 
but by our Creator. Our heritage includes love, be- 
cause to have worth means that we are loved by our 
Father in heaven. He gave to each that kind of 
worth. We have to give back that love, I believe, 
to our fellowmen, or we do not maintain our dignity. 

Dignity is not achieved by purchasing a television 
set or a telephone, nor by having an automobile in 
the garage, as some would have us believe when they 
talk about "living in dignity." Gadgets do not pro- 
duce it. We know that Mahatma Gandhi had dig- 
nity. We know that great kings have not had it 
when they have been evil in their hearts and have 
mistreated human beings. 

True dignity can be ours, and we can give it to 
the world by loving all the people of the world. There 
never has been a time when there was such a need 
for love, for brotherhood, and for spirituality. We 
can export brotherhood — as well as our material 
goods and gadgets. Peoples of the world can live 
without gadgets, but they cannot live without the 
spirit of love that you and I have been taught is 
fundamental. Spiritual fellowship and brotherhood 
can make us the greatest nation in the world. 




(For Course 16, lessons of October 11 and 18, "The Way of 
Salvation for All Men"; for Course 24, lesson of October 18, "Human 
Relationships"; and for general reading.) 



When I thought about talking to you today, my 
mind turned to the great biblical prophecies that_we 
are now living through. During my lifetime many 
amazing things have happened. For instance, con- 
sider the prophecy that says, ". . . Your old men 
shall dream dreams, your young men shall see vi- 
sions." (Joel 2:28.) Einstein and many other great 
scientists tell us that they are seeing visions and 
dreaming dreams. A nation that can put Telstar in 
the heavens and send men orbiting about the world 
can see this prophecy being fulfilled. Yet at the 
same time we are told that this will be an age in 
which we will be breakers of treaties, disobedient to 
parents, lovers of our own selves, seeking after the 
vain deceit of our own hearts. The fulfillment of this 
condition is all about us, too. 

The Lord has told us, "And if thine eye offend 
thee, pluck it out. . . ." (Matthew 18:9.) We know 
the spirit is much more important than the body, 
yet we will all have to say, I think, that in this age 
we are guilty of being "lovers of our own selves." 

Sex is displayed as never before. How we look 
and how we feel has become much more important 
than what we are. We think it is marvelous that we 
have eradicated polio and whooping cough. We are 
doing research to eliminate tuberculosis. And it is 
wonderful! We should do it. Our bodies are the 
temples of our spirits. On the other hand, we fully 
expect our juvenile delinquency to increase, our num- 
bers of unwed mothers to increase, and our divorce 
courts to bulge even more. We pay 20 billion dollars 
a year for crime without complaining — we spend only 
10 billion for education and protest loudly. 



298 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



This great nation has been known as a nation 
with a soul. What is happening to it? Are we for- 
getting that we can have prevention in the field of 
morals, too; that we could expect less delinquency, 
less crime, less immorality, if we would use the same 
amount of research and time to combat them that 
we use in eliminating diseases of the body? 

Yet the cure for these moral ills cannot be found 
in laboratories. It cannot be achieved by scientists. 
It has to be done by you and me, by what we are 
at the core — and that is why it is not getting done. 
The cure for this sickness cannot be prescribed by 
money alone, and it does not come through agencies. 
It comes through strong homes where parents are 
convinced that there can be no morals without re- 
ligion, and that morals will not hold up in a crisis 
unless they are founded upon a belief in God. It 
takes self-discipline. It demands character. 

We believe as Latter-day Saints that what we 
are in our homes, that we are indeed; and that the 
only thing that matters is what we are and what 
kind of children we rear. With our heritage and 
conviction we have the potential to have sound 
homes; but first we must develop ourselves and, as 
our Good Book tells us, know that our bodies are the 
temples of the spirit of our Father in heaven. We 
must so treat our bodies as to keep bright His spirit. 

Does this concept keep us from having fun? Does 
it put us in bondage? Just the opposite. It frees 
us for all that is happy and joyful and worthwhile 
in the world. 

We all know that happiness does not come from 
wealth nor prestige. Our divorce courts, suicides, and 
the frantic, meaningless lives of our distraught gen- 
eration are all about us. Dignity and worth do not 
come from wealth, nor from prestige, either. Con- 
sider the people who came over on the Mayflower, 
who left every comfort, every advantage (if security 
and wealth are advantages), because they believed 
in a principle that said, "Happiness is impossible 
unless men can be free." They believed in the state- 
ment from 77 Corinthians: "Now the Lord is that 
Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is 
liberty." (77 Corinthians 3:17.) In other words, real 
advantages were opportunities to develop God-given 
talents and "breathe free." 

They wanted liberty, and they knew they could 
not have it unless it was founded on the principles 
that our Father in heaven had laid down — the uni- 
versal fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of 
man. Without this principle they could not be free. 

In this contradictory age when we are brilliant 
in so many ways and childish in so many others, 
I believe our heritage has given us strength sufficient 
to follow our forefathers who said, "We'll give up 



every comfort. We'll walk across the plains, if neces- 
sary. We'll tame the deserts. Our well-being includes 
more than food, security, and comfort. It demands 
ideals based upon His word. We want our Father 
in heaven to know that we are dedicated to Him, 
that we want to take upon us His name." 

We have that kind of a heritage. Youhg people 
of the nation are crying to have such ideals made 
concrete in their lives. In our state a young group 
asked me the other day, "What has your genera- 
tion done for us? You have saddled us with debt for 
your pleasures and for your services. We spend eleven 
billion dollars interest each year on the national 
debt." They said, "You haven't given us moral con- 
viction nor religion. You have given us the atom 
bomb to destroy us, and yet you tell us to go out 
and save the world." 

Latter-day Saints do not have that kind of a 
heritage. We have been taught to hold firm to our 
convictions. We know that the blessings of comfort 
and security are here as wonderful assets, but we also 
know we can toss them aside if our choice is between 
gadgets or liberty. We know the things that make 
our nation blessed above all other lands. And we 
know that our conviction of what we are — the soul 
of you and me — is the only thing that counts. 

If it had not been for the great heritage that I 
have — for my grandparents who crossed the plains, 
for my father who became a convert in England, 
for the background with which I was blessed — I be- 
lieve it would have been very difficult for me to 
take on some of the assignments that have been 
mine. But my faith has put wings on my feet. 

We are at the crossroads. Are we going to live up 
to our commitments? How exciting it is to know 
that in an age when there is so much need, we have 
the things that are needed — love and friendship, 
esteem for all men, respect for human beings. How 
wonderful it is that we can be of service, that we can 
help, because there never has been a time when 
morality has been discarded more than it has been 
in our day, and yet no time when there has been 
such a crying need for it around the world. How 
blessed we are! How blessed we are to have you, 
the young people, coming up with desires, with con- 
victions. 

Your strength, your faith, your love, these are 
the things that buoy us up, that make us know 
that we can do anything in the world with the help 
of our Heavenly Father. Thank you for being here, 
for wanting to do something with your lives that 
will bring loving friendship to every human being 
in the world. — Lenore Lafount Romney. 



Library File Reference: Spiritual Values. 



AUGUST 1964 



299 





'W % 




Four generations of the Liddle family attend Sunday School in Monument Park Second Ward of the 
Monument Park Stake, Salt Lake City. They are: Sister Bessie Liddle, 85 years of age; her son, 
Arthur Liddle; his daughter, Sister Sharon Liddle Sprouse; and her little son, Glade, age 5 months. 

The Habit of 
Sunday School Attendance 



We are proud to publish on this page the 
picture of a Monument Park family of four genera- 
tions who regularly come to Sunday School. Does 
it not give you a warm feeling just to contemplate 
the Sunday morning activities of this remarkable 
family? 

Habits such as attending Sunday School are note- 
worthy and commendable. It says of the habitue: 
"This young man or woman is meticulous and is of 
the type for which businessmen are looking. This is 
the type that can be depended upon to carry on a 
particular job as it should be done." 

Habits — good, bad, or indifferent — stamp a per- 
son in unmistakable terms. 

I recently attended the missionary farewell of 
another splendid young woman, one who had moved 
into our ward a few months earlier. She was em- 
ployed in the Genealogical Society and had been 
chosen to hold an important position in the Yale 
Second Ward MIA. Our bishop, Harold I. Bowman, 
had watched her as he watches every young person 
called to a responsible position in the ward. 

Bishop Bowman returned recently from serving 
as president of the Spanish American mission, and 
he was delighted with the way this young woman 
pursued her assignments. 



The president of the Idaho Falls Stake, who 13 
years before had baptized Lorna Beth Little and 
confirmed her a member of The Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints (her father is a non- 
member and her mother, a faithful member, lives 
in Italy), came to Salt Lake City to speak at her 
missionary farewell. A number of others from Idaho 
Falls were also present. 

What do you think caused Bishop Bowman to 
recommend her, at her request, for a mission to Ger- 
many? What, other than her habit of Church attend- 
ance and faithful, conscientious, and intelligent per- 
formance of her assignments! 

What led the Idaho Falls stake president to bap- 
tize her at her request and to come from Idaho Falls 
to speak at her missionary farewell? What, but the 
habit Sister Little had of attending every meeting 
and doing whatever she was assigned to do, with all 
her might! 

The picture printed above is also another example 

of habitual attendance at Sunday School and of 

faithfully performing whatever job one is called to do. 

— General Superintendent George R. Hill. 



Library File Reference : Dependability. 



300 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



ANGEL TO THE PAPAGOS 



Editor's Note: Angel to the Papagos is a new book 
written by Charlsie Poe and published by The Naylor 
Company, San Antonio, Texas, in 1964. It sells for $4.95. 

Every child loves a story of adventure. This is 
a true story of a courageous, pioneer woman, the 
child of hard-working pioneer parents. 

When Goldie Preston was 7 years old, she went 
with her family from Kansas to Oklahoma by wagon 
to find a new home. Of the journey she says, in 
part: "A widow and her two sons went along on the 
trip. One of the boys drove his mother's wagon and 
one drove our spring wagon, pulled by donkeys. . . . 
It held a plow, lister, scrap iron, two iron bed- 
steads, and Mama's rocking chair; also coops of 
turkeys, chickens, two pair of guinea fowl and a 
pair of ducks — a crate on the back held a sow and 
seven pigs. Two cows and four greyhounds trailed 
behind. . . . 

"Every time we stopped, Papa would lift Mama 
out of her bed in the wagon and set her in the rock- 
ing chair, so she could oversee the cooking and other 
chores that Papa and I did. . . . Each night she sat 
in her rocking chair reading the Bible to Papa, and 
we girls said our prayers at her knee. She would 
also hold baby Norah while she nursed her big, 
crocked-neck bottle." (Pages 31, 32.) 

Goldie remembered that her father sang lullabies 
to his children, and "Riding on the Elevated Rail- 
road" had been one of her favorites. Of this melody 
that kept ringing in her ears she says, "Papa im- 
provised verse after verse. His lullabies did no good, 
as everyone stayed awake to see what was coming 
next, while he rocked madly, with the children won- 
dering how long his chair would stand up." (Page 
33.) 

After Goldie married, she and her 
husband were forced by circum- 
stances to eke out a meager living 
on the Southern Arizona desert 
among the Papago Indians. (Papa- 
go means "gone away," they told 
her.) She trapped animals, skinned 
them, and sold their hides to buy 
food. She learned the Indian lan- 
guage and helped the Indian wom- 
en to care better for their children. 
She made friends of some animals, 



(For Course 4, lesson of October 18, "Pio- 
neers Make Records"; for Course 8, lesson of 
September 20, "Ruth, the Girl from Moab"; 
for Course 10, lesson of November 29, "Among 
the Nephites"; for Course 12, lesson of Novem- 
ber 1, "Blessing of Joseph and Its Fulfillment 
in America"; and of general interest.) 




too. After curing a little cast-off Indian dog of worms 
by feeding him turpentine on sugar, she taught the 
grateful little animal to fill the wood box by him- 
self and to carry tin cans. 

Goldie walked four miles each day to the nearest 
well for water. Her age-old, home cures for many 
ailments were miracles to the Indians and the peo- 
ple who came to her for help. She had had little 
schooling, yet her wisdom in solving different prob- 
lems gave evidence of high intelligence. 

Once asked by her aging mother if she had ever 
joined a church, Goldie replied: "No, but don't be 
worried about me, Mama. The desert is like a big 
furnace that burns away all the dross and leaves only 
the true values. Faith in God is all I have. I could 
not get through a day without Him, for He has saved 
my life more times than I could count on all my 
fingers and toes." (Page 106.) 

Later Goldie's simple faith led her to accept the 
message brought to her by two young, Mormon mis- 
sionaries. The traditions of the Papago Indians veri- 
fied the Book of Mormon of which the missionaries 
spoke: "Although they had departed far from their 
old religion, the Indians knew from history that 
their ancestors came from a faraway country across 
a great sea of water. Once they had been in bond- 
age and were about to be taken into bondage again. 
Through a vision, the ancestors were told to leave 
and hunt the promised land. They were on a ship 
for many moons and at last landed on the west 
coast of South America and spread to cover the 
Americas with their kind. A white saint was among 
them, as a spirit, and taught them many things. For 
a long time after that, they were good; and he prom- 
ised them he would come again. 
A spirit led them by day, and a 
round ball with a finger inside 
pointed their way at night, and 
took them to the promised land of 
the everlasting hills." (Page 137.) 
If you travel into southern Ari- 
zona, 96 miles from Tucson, you 
might pass Tracy's Trading Post, 
built by Goldie Tracy. 1 The life of 
Goldie is a page out of the past 
where courage and hardship laid 
the foundation of modern life to- 
day. — Minnie E. Anderson. 

Goldie Preston married Franklin Tracy in 
her 21st year. He helped build Tracy's Trading 
Post. s 

Library File Reference : Pioneer Life. 



AUGUST 1964 



301 



When a Man Is Called of God 



by Joseph Anderson* 

Fourteen hundred years before Christ, in the days of ancient Egypt, 
there lived a man whom the Lord had prepared for a special mission among 
the Israelitish people. He had been trained in the palace and the 
court of Pharaoh. It was after he had fled from Egypt and while he was tend- 
ing the flocks of his father-in-law in the mountains that he encountered a 
remarkable experience: "The angel of the Lord appeared unto him 
in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and behold, 
the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed." And the Lord 
called him by name and said unto him, ". . . Put off thy shoes from 
°ff thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground." (Exodus 
3:2,5.) 

Wherever the Lord or His spirit is present it is holy ground, and the 
call that comes from Him is a holy call. 



The call that Moses received on the above-men- 
tioned occasion was that he should lead the children 
of Israel from Egypt and free them from oppression. 
There came into his mind the normal excuses and 
arguments as to why he should not accept this ap- 
pointment: ". . . Who am I, that I should go unto 
Pharaoh, and that I should bring for th the children 
of Israel out of Egypt? . . . they will not believe me, 
nor hearken unto my voice: for they will say, The 
Lord hath not appeared unto thee. ... my Lord, 
I am not eloquent . . . but I am slow of speech, and 
of a slow tongue." (See Exodus 3:11; 4:1, 10.) 

With assurance from Jehovah that He would be 
with him, Moses was persuaded to do the thing that 
the Lord required at his hand. He accomplished 
his mission; he became the great law-giver of Israel 
and one of the greatest prophets of all time. 

Two Spirits Strive With Man 

It has been said that hell is the result of our 
failure to take advantage of our opportunities; that 
after we pass from this life and receive our eternal 
reward for deeds done in the flesh, if we have great 
remorse, it will come from the knowledge that we 
have failed to respond to the environment and op- 
portunities that were ours. 

There are two spirits striving with man: one en- 

(For Course 6, lesson of October 18, "A Man Must Be Called of 
God"; for Course 8, lesson of November 8, "A Shepherd Who Be- 
came King"; and of general interest.) 

*Brother Anderson is secretary to the First Presidency of the 
Church. 



couraging him to do what is right, and the other 
trying to persuade him to do evil or to neglect to 
follow the promptings of the spirit of the Lord. 

When a call comes from the Lord through His 
servants to accept a position in the Church, whether 
it be in the ward, the stake, the mission, or in a 
general Church capacity, or when someone presiding 
over us invites us to participate in a program, it is 
not unusual for the negative spirit contending with 
us to say, "Oh, I cannot do that! I am not qualified 
for that kind of work; let the other fellow do it." 
And there come into our minds so many excuses, 
apparently very valid, why we should not accept the 
invitation or the call. On the other hand, the other 
spirit encourages us to respond to the invitation, 
notwithstanding our limitations. 

An Impressive Experience 

President Heber J. Grant has related a very im- 
pressive experience in connection with his call to 
open up the Japanese Mission. He was in a meet- 
ing with the First Presidency and the Council of the 
Twelve when President George Q. Cannon, one of 
the counselors in the First Presidency, announced to 
the brethren, "We are going to open a mission in 
Japan." Brother Grant said that the impression came 
to him as plainly as if it had been shouted, "And you 
are going to be called to that mission." Immediately 
the thought came into his mind: "My heavens, I 
certainly cannot afford to go on that mission. I am 



302 



THE INSTRUCTOR 




God Speaks to Moses from the Burning Bush 



BY ARNOLD FRIBERG. 



owing over $100,000, and everything I have in the 
world would not pay more than $70,000 of it. I will 
come home $50,000 worse off than nothing. I will 
tell the brethren I can't do it." 

Then the other spirit prompted: "It is marvelous 
the way the Lord has blessed you; you had better 
go on that mission." And he said to himself, "O 
Lord, I acknowledge thy hand in blessing me beyond 
anything! could have hoped for or expected. I am 
ready to go, and I shall go without making excuses." 

The two spirits continued to strive with him 
while President Cannon was talking. Finally, Presi- 
dent Cannon said he understood that Brother Grant 
was out of all his financial difficulties and was going 
to celebrate his freedom from debt by making a trip 
around the world, and that they had decided to stop 
him in Japan. 

The thought came to him, "There you are; all 
you need to do is tell them the true situation and 
they wouldn't think of sending you on that mission." 
Again the positive impression came from the other 
spirit, "I promised the Lord I would go, and I shall 
do so." 

President Snow asked Brother Grant if he had 
made the remark about being free from debt and 
going around the world, and he answered that he 
had, but there was one little word added and that 
word was "if." Brother Grant assured the brethren 
that he could arrange his affairs so that he could 
accept the call. 



Elder John W. Taylor, in speaking to Brother 
Grant alone immediately after this experience, told 
him that because of the great sacrifice he had made 
financially, the Lord had accepted his offering and 
had inspired him to prophesy that he would go to 
Japan a free man. This prophecy was fulfilled in a 
miraculous manner. 

"There is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of 
the Almighty giveth them understanding." Without 
that inspiration man cannot do his work with any 
degree of satisfaction. It is an irrefutable testimony 
that brethren and sisters called to service in this 
Church, who in humility and in faith accept assign- 
ments to serve in our Father's kingdom, are magni- 
fied and blessed beyond any possible question. 

"I, the Lord, Am Bound. . . ." 

Men who are called to serve as general authori- 
ties in the Church accept these calls, without excep- 
tion, in a spirit of timidity, with a feeling of inade- 
quacy and utter dependence upon the Lord. And 
it is a great testimony to the truth of this work and 
to the inspiration and guidance of the Lord to wit- 
ness the growth in knowledge, understanding, abil- 
ity, wisdom, and inspiration that comes through ac- 
cepting the call, doing everything within their power 
to qualify themselves, at all times seeking the guid- 
ance and help of the Lord. The Lord fulfills his prom- 
ise: "I, the Lord, am bound when ye do what I 
say. . . ." (Doctrine and Covenants 82:10.) 
(Concluded on page 305.) 



AUGUST 1964 



303 



Pondering the best approach to solving a baffling problem in 
genealogical research can have something curiously in common with 
Mark Twain's experience when confronted by a fire in a western mining 
town in the 1860's. The humorist recalled that upon seeing the flames, 
he "succumbed to a severe cold, caused by undue exertion in getting 
ready to do something." 

Such a malady, whether a common cold or simply a chill in re- 
search ardor, can be avoided in genealogical work if one considers 
separately the various, alternative approaches to his problem and then 
selects as his first step the approach which, on balance, promises the 
highest return per unit of research time spent. 



PICK A STARTING TASK 



by M. Ralph Shaffer 



To illustrate the above comments, the author, 
the first generation in the Church on his father's 
side, set a definite goal, namely, to determine with 
certainty the name of the author's great-grandfather 
Shaffer. Now this was not a new goal, as untold 
hours had already been spent over several years in 
searching for some small clue leading to his identity, 
but without success. 

The following sources had been combed: state 
and county vital statistics, family sources, Bible 
records, cemetery records, federal census records, 
and countless books on family and state histories 
and genealogies. All that was gleaned from this 
intermittent searching was seemingly constant eye- 
strain plus discovering where something was not. 
Belatedly, this conclusion was reached: While the 
process of elimination might be valuable in certain 
scientific endeavors, it was a poor way to do gene- 
alogical work with any degree of efficiency. 

Then, last fall in his ward genealogical class, the 
thought gradually penetrated that the designated 
goal might be attained, and rather expeditiously, if 
restricted areas of investigation were carefully se- 
lected and a plan of direct attack formulated. Hav- 
ing come to this conclusion, the author framed a 
simple plan which for him has proven to yield a 
high return per hour of research time spent. 

1. Set down what is known that is relevant to 
the issue; differentiate between knowledge and sus- 
picion. (The author did know when his grand- 
father, Jonathan Shaffer, was born.) 



(For Course 20, lesson of October 4, "Picking a Starting Task"; 
and for general reading.) 

*Brother M. Ralph Shaffer received his B.A. degree in physics 
at Occidental College in Los Angeles. He later received his LL B. 
degree from the University of Loyola at Los Angeles. He has also 
attended Pomona College in California and Brigham Young Uni- 
versity. Among his variety of Church assignments he has fulfilled 
a mission in the East Central States Mission. At present he has a 
private practice in patents, trademarks, and copyright causes in 
Salt Lake City. He is married to Alice Anne Goodsell of Los An- 
geles. They have five children. 



2. Proceed, where possible, from the known (not 
from what is believed) to the unknown. Examine 
specific, delimited source material, not previously in- 
vestigated, which is or might be "high-grade ore." 
The sources which seemed most promising are listed 
below: (a) deeds, wills, and probate proceedings, 
(b) church records, (c) newspapers, (d) 1850 federal 
census for Pennsylvania counties not previously 
searched — the author did know that grandfather 
Jonathan Shaffer would have been 11 years of age 
at the time of this census and that the census would 
list names of children, their ages, and their parents' 
names. 

3. Work out a system of note-keeping so that 
steps will not need to be retraced and items can be 
immediately recalled for present and future study. 

4. Set a time schedule for doing research work, 
letters, writing, etc.. (What person cannot make 
available at least two hours for research work each 
week?) 

5. Acquire and file systematically items of direct 
evidence such as recorded deeds, wills, birth and 
death certificates, etc. 

6. Do not become an "intellectual," defined by 
Mark Twain as "one who merely idles away his time 
reading." Family, state, and church histories are 
absorbing to be sure; but reading of general mate- 
rials too often becomes time absorbing, and efforts 
rapidly fall beyond the path-area of convergence 
leading to the goal — determination of identities and 
family relationships and sealings. 

Following this plan with a fair degree of consist- 
ency has paid rich dividends. For the reader a precis 
of the project is set forth below: 

Thursday, April 9, 1964 — A long-distance telephone call 
was received at my office this morning from the depart- 
ment of the recorder of deeds in Indiana, Indiana County, 



304 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Pennsylvania. This call established conclusively the iden- 
tity of my paternal great-grandfather on the Shaffer line. 
The relevant deed confirming our relationship and his 
identity will follow from that office in due course. 

Known were the facts that my grandfather, Jonathan 
Shaffer, was born in Somerset County, Pennsylvania; and 
that my father, Marlin Ralph Shaffer, was born in Indiana 
County, Pennsylvania. Further, at the time of the 1850 
federal census my grandfather would have been 11 years of 
age. 

Problem: find the name of Jonathan's father. Source 
previously checked: 1850 federal census for Somerset 
County; found nothing. Why not try Indiana County? I 
did check the same census for this county and did find a 
Shaffer family whose son Jonathan was 11 years of age at 
the time the census was taken. This squared with the age 
of my grandfather, Jonathan Shaffer, when he died. Of 
course, this fact proved nothing other than the thrill which 
can come to one finding a strong clue, even if in pale ink. 
A copy of the pertinent microfilm frame was ordered, re- 
ceived, and filed as an exhibit. 

I had two handwriting experts try to make out the 
names of the father and mother of Jonathan which were 
listed in the census record. The mother's name was definite- 
ly Elizabeth; the father's name seemed to be George. I 
contacted a person close to the office of the recorder of 
deeds and wills in Indiana County to check to see if any 
George Shaffer left a will naming a son Jonathan; and 
sure enough, one did. "Jonathan," by the will, was to pay 
a certain sum for a piece of land (lot No. 183 in Garfield) 
owned by George Shaffer at his death, (Incidentally, the 
will named the testator as one George Washington Shaffer.) 

Then I had the lady investigator whom I contacted in 
Pennsylvania list any deeds recorded in Indiana County 
naming Jonathan Shaffer, particularly any mentioning a 
wife Catherine (my grandmother's name was definitely 
Catherine), as grantor of property which Jonathan may 
have received under the will referred to above. Many deeds 
were listed by return correspondence, but only one seemed 
of relevant interest. This lady did send a verified copy of 
the deed of interest, and it did name a Jonathan and a 
Catherine Shaffer as grantors. But the property descrip- 
tion in this deed did not square with the property descrip- 
tion of the land listed in George Shaffer's will! The lot 
sizes were the same, came through the same previous (ulti- 
mate) grantor; but the lots, though in the same township 
and town, faced different directions. Further, the legal de- 
scriptions revealed that the lots apparently had different 
numbers. 



Accordingly, I went back to the will and, acting on an 
expensive impulse, called the office of the recorder of deeds 
in Indiana County to check any existing conveyance re- 
corded subsequent to the executor's deed granting lot No. 
183 to Jonathan Shaffer under George Shaffer's will. Sure 
enough, today's telephone call explained that there was 
such a deed, executed not by Jonathan but by the heirs of 
this Jonathan, and that the named heirs were immediately 
recognized, through our Shaffer family Bible records, as 
being my aunts and uncles, long ago deceased. Hence, this 
George Washington Shaffer is proven to be my very own 
great-grandfather. His will names his children and spouse, 
and the persons to whom most of the children were married. 
This is a gold mine of information. 

An immediate, prospective project is to determine 
the exact dates of birth of the author's great-grand- 
father's children through church records, etc. An- 
other project is to do work on the ancestor's wife's 
line. On that score, less than two days ago the maiden 
name of Great-grandfather Shaffer's wife, Elizabeth, 
was found to be Helman. This was ascertained 
through the will mentioned and the death certificate 
of one of the children listed in the will and men- 
tioning the child's mother's maiden name. 

Now can you guess the name of the woman re- 
searcher mentioned who helped me in Pennsylvania? 
She is a Helman and has the Helman family history 
for five generations back. This history, it is now 
learned, includes the author's great-grandmother! 

How grateful the author feels that this inclina- 
tion last fall to resume this special project did not 
"lose the name of action." All of us, most certainly 
the author included, need to be given from time to 
time the gentle reminder of the scriptures, which 
applies with equal force to genealogical work as well 
as to other matters: "Be ye doers of the word, and 
not hearers only. . . ." (James 1:22.) 



Library File Reference: Genealogy. 



WHEN A MAN IS CALLED OF GOD (Concluded from page 

As an illustration, Elder Alonzo A. Hinckley, 
when called to preside over the California Mission, 
was one who in righteous humility accepted the call 
with a question in his mind as to his ability. He said 
to me at that time, "I cannot understand why the 
brethren would call me to a position of this kind. 
I am surely a very weak vessel for such an important 
assignment. How can I follow a man like President 
Joseph W. McMurrin, one of the First Council of 
Seventy, and a mighty preacher of the Gospel?" 

President Hinckley performed an outstanding 
mission. The missionaries loved him, and great prog- 
ress was made in the mission during his administra- 
tion. He himself grew in ability and in favor 
with the Lord. Our Father had even more important 
work for him to do, and he was called under inspira- 
tion given to the President of the Church to be an 
apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, which position he 
filled with honor and distinction. Elder Alonzo A. 
Hinckley will always be remembered for his sweet 



303.) 

spirit, his words of wisdom and counsel, and his 
noble accomplishments in the service he was asked 
to perform. 

What has been said of Brother Hinckley could 
be told of practically all of the brethren who have 
been called to serve as special witnesses of our Lord 
and Saviour in this dispensation. 

The Lord is not pleased with those who hide 
their talents by burying them in a field of doubt 
and fear. Everyone has gifts and abilities given him 
of the Lord. If we fail to make use of them, it is 
quite possible the Lord may take them from us. 

Success! It's found in the soul of you, 

And not in the realm of luck! 
The world will furnish the work to do, 

But you must provide the pluck. 
You can do whatever you think you can, 

It's all in the way you view it. 
It's all in the start that you make, young man: 

You must feel that you're going to do it. 

— Author Unknown. 



Library File Reference: Mormon Church — Service. 



AUGUST 1964 



305 




The Sensitive Line 



by Reed H. Bradford 

RANDY was a normal 2 -year-old boy. One of the 
truly bright moments of the day for Randy's 
father was when he entered his home at night after 
spending a challenging ten hours at the office. "Dad- 
day!" Randy would shout as he ran to his father. 
Each time his father would throw Randy up in the air 
or give him a ride on his back. Once in a while Randy 
would put his arms around his father and whisper in 
his ear, "I love you, Daddy." On one occasion when 
he said this, tears came to his father's eyes and 
Randy asked, "Why are you crying, Daddy?" But 
it was difficult for his father to explain. 

Then there was the time when Randy was trying 
to put a nail into an electric light socket. His father 
saw him just in time and took the nail away. With 
anger and fierce resentment in his voice Randy 
shouted, "I hate you!" His father felt a deep pain 
inside; but he said to himself, "Randy is only a child, 
and I must be patient with him. I must not make 
him the victim of my hurt feelings. I should not try 
to get even with him. Rather I must help him to be 
sensitive to others and treat them as he would wish 
to be treated." 



Mary wanted to be known as a "homemaker," not 
a "housekeeper." She saw two great opportunities in 
her role: (1) to help her husband in every way pos- 
sible, and (2) to be an influence in the lives of her 

(For Course 1, lesson of September 20, "We Are Learning To Be 
Kind to Each Other at Home"; for Course 2, lesson of September 20, 
"We Make Friends When We Are Kind"; for Course 24, lesson of 
October 18, "Human Relationships"; and for general reading.) 



"Why do we hurt the feelings of those we love?' 7 

children in assisting them to "walk uprightly before 
the Lord." 

Mary tried to maintain a reasonable balance be- 
tween order and relaxation. She trained her children 
to put things away but permitted them to enjoy 
themselves, remembering that the latter was more 
important than the former. 

When Mary's husband came home at night, he 
usually found her dressed neatly. Regardless of what 
she was doing, she always found time to come to the 
door and greet him affectionately. 

The evenings he spent at home with her were al- 
ways enjoyable. She was genuinely interested in 
what he had done during the day; and he found him- 
self able to reveal his innermost feelings to her con- 
cerning his disappointments, defeats, hopes, and suc- 
cesses. He told her once that one of the principal 
reasons he was able to approach each day with a 
feeling of confidence was that of her relation- 
ship to him. Her love, expressed in these many ways, 
gave him security, courage, and poise. One of the 
best compliments he ever gave to her was when he 
said, "I love to come home." 

Usually he managed his emotions very well, but 
one day after a particularly bitter disappointment at 
the office, he found himself irritable and nervous as 
he entered their home. Dinner was to be a few min- 
utes late, and the children were extra hungry. The 
quarrelling and crying of the two youngest ones got 
on his nerves, and he put them into their bedroom 
alone. "Don't be hard on them, dear," his wife said, 
"they're just hungry." It was then that he raised 
his voice and actually shouted at her. Later, em- 
barrassed, he apologized, and she readily forgave him; 
but for a while things were not quite the same be- 
tween them. And there was hurt in the eyes of his 
children. 

* * * 

Tom was a journalist. His newspaper had given 
him the assignment of traveling to several cities to 
report some important civic projects, and he had de- 
cided to take his wife and 17 -year-old son with him. 
He wanted to get closer to them, especially to his son. 

One hot day they decided to eat their lunch in a 
public park. As they were eating, he said to his 
son, "Pass the salt." But his son made no move to 
comply. Raising his voice slightly he again said, "Pass 
the salt." But again his son ignored the request. Now 



306 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



FORTY-SEVENTH IN A SERIES ON GOSPEL TEACHING IN THE HOME 



thoroughly irritated, he raised his voice still more. 
"What's the matter with you? I said, 'Pass the 
salt.' " 

His son got up and left the table. His father fol- 
lowed him; and as he caught up with him, he saw 
there were tears in his eyes. "I don't understand it," 
said his father. "What's wrong?" 

It was some time before his son answered. Finally 
he said, "Dad, ever since I can remember, we've had 
a kind of inferior-superior relationship. I don't think 
you have meant it to be that way, but the impres- 
sion I receive from you is that you think of your- 
self as being generally superior to me. Please don't 
misunderstand me. I know you have more knowledge 
than I, your experience is much greater than mine, 
and I know you have more wisdom. But, Dad, I'm 
a person, too. 

"I notice that when we have company for dinner 
you never say, 'Pass the salt.' You always say, 
'Please pass the salt.' That 'please' means a lot to 
me, Dad; it's a symbol of respect." 

This was a great learning experience for the 
journalist, and it eventually changed his whole re- 
lationship to his son. Five years later when the son 
married, he said to his father, "Dad, you have 
changed your method of treating me. You've shown 
me real respect during the last five years, and I only 
hope I can treat any son I might have in the same 
way you have treated me." The father never forgot 
those words. 



The world outside our homes is often complex 
and difficult. Most individuals, realizing their success 
in it is dependent upon how they treat others, lean 
over backwards in order to be courteous and consid- 
erate of them. They do not say, "I hate you." Gen- 
erally, they do not shout at those who do not agree 
with them. They say "please," when they make a 
request. 

But when these same individuals come home at 
night, they often "take out" on other family mem- 
bers their feeling of irritation, injustice, or resent- 
ment they have experienced in the outside world. 
It need not be this way. 

All human beings need to have ways of releasing 
unpleasant tensions that build up in the normal 
course of living. But there are legitimate ways to 
accomplish this. Some individuals who primarily en- 
gage in mental activities in their occupations, adopt 
some physical activity such as playing golf or culti- 
vating a garden. Others listen to beautiful music. 
Whatever activity we select, we should be sure that 
it is not enslaving. Many an individual has taken 



up smoking and drinking to relax himself, only to 
find that these habits cause great harm to the per- 
sonality. 

There should be a "sensitive line" that we never 
cross in our relationship with others — and especially 
with members of our family who love us. We cross 
it when we are discourteous, inconsiderate, or un- 
kind. Not crossing it means that we have genuine 
respect and love for one another. We help one an- 
other each day in any way we can, remembering that 
the opportunity for an intimate, day-by-day compan- 
ionship may be a limited one. We learn to treat those 
we love as we ourselves would like to be treated. 

Such a home has a certain kind of spirit in it — 
the spirit of the Holy Ghost, whose attributes are 
those of ". . . faith, virtue, knowledge, temperance, 
patience, brotherly kindness, godliness, charity, hu- 
mility, diligence." (Doctrine and Covenants 4:6.) 

"Home should be the place for thinking, and lov- 
ing, and healing our wounds." 1 

iThis statement is attributed to Charming Pollock. 
Library File Reference: Family Life. 



SUGGESTED AGENDA FOR HOME EVENING 

Hymn: "School Thy Feelings." 
Prayer. 

Consideration of the theme: The Sensitive Line. 
I. Let members of the family indicate why they 
like to come home. 

II. Do any members of the family "take out" on 
other family members the discouragement they 
feel from their experiences in the outside world? 
III. In order to help each of us establish a "sensi- 
tive line" that we do not cross in our relation- 
ship with others let us try the following: 

A. Think carefully how we like to be treated. 

B. Give to each other genuine respect. This 
means that: 

1. We say "please," "thank you," pardon me," 
"excuse me," when appropriate. 

2. We try to think how what we are about 
to say to a family member would affect 
us if someone said it to us. 

3. We listen patiently and understanding^ 
when someone speaks to us. 

4. We can be tolerant of one another's ideas 
though they might not be ideas with which 
we could wholeheartedly agree. 

IV. Older family members should strive to have ex- 
tra patience with younger family members, re- 
membering that when one has more experience 
he has an obligation to act in more mature 
ways. 
V. Do we have appropriate ways of releasing ten- 
sion that build up within us? List some relax- 
ing activities that do not enslave one. 

VI. Do we sometimes go out of our way to help 
one another? 

VII. What things do you think we could do in order 
to learn how to manage our emotions so that 
we express them in the right degree at the right 
time? 

Hymn: "Love at Home." 

Prayer. 

Refreshments. 



AUGUST 1964 



307 



Young People have 
Courage, Too 

A characteristic of one who loves the Lord is 
courage to do His will always and faith to rely 
upon Him for guidance. Courage and faith are re- 
warded through the blessings one receives from his 
Father in heaven. Just as the scriptures bear testi- 
mony that this has been true in the past, thousands 
of faithful members of the Church today bear testi- 
mony of the same thing. Following are some ex- 
amples: 

After a seminary teacher had given a lesson on 
cheating and had challenged his class to have the 
courage to help stop this unchristian practice, a 
young man accepted the challenge. In one of the 
boy's classes at school he observed that some stu- 
dents were cheating. He spoke out and said he knew 
that cheating was going on in the class and that if 
it did not stop he would reveal the names of those 
involved. Some in the class may not have liked 
what he did, but all respected him. 

A young Latter-day Saint girl tells this story: 

"There was a young boy who was very ill. The 
doctors thought he had pneumonia and were treat- 
ing him for that disease. Then one day his grand- 
mother became especially alarmed, and she called 
the doctor immediately. The doctor came and said 
the boy had infantile paralysis and not pneu- 
monia and that there was no chance of his re- 
covery. But this family had courage and exercised 
their faith. They called in the elders to administer 
to him. They administered to him on two occasions 
and then said that Heavenly Father knew how much 
the family wanted him to live and so they would 
not administer any more. They would just leave it 
in the Lord's hands. 

"Well, this family prayed some more, and when 
the doctor came a week later he stood by the bedside 
of this child and shook his head. He said the boy 
would live and that he did not understand how. The 
boy did live and grew into manhood and had five 
children of his own. I know this is a true experience 
because this man is my father. And through the 
faith and prayers of his family he was saved." 

Another young person tells this story: 

"My father was very sick with cancer. He had 
tried everything, including cobalt radiation; and 
he finally had to have half of his tongue removed. 
I could tell his life was gradually slipping away. I 
prayed with real intent that my dad would be able 



to speak. It took some time, but he finally recov- 
ered and could both talk and eat quite normally. 
Soon the time came when the cancer returned. I 
cried all one night when I found he was to have all 
of his tongue removed. I prayed again, and also the 
elders came and administered to him. He recovered. 
It was a miracle. And I was proud because he told 
me I was the only one who could understand what 
he was saying. 

"A full year passed, and he was working and 
living a rich, full life. Cancer eventually took his life, 
however. He died from hemorrhaging. I felt ter- 
rible. At one time I did not ever want to pray or 
go to Church, but I did. I made myself stand and 
bear testimony in Church the next Sunday. I have 
great faith now. My dad loved life, and there is no 
reason for me to be living a sad one." 

Notice the courage and faith with which this 
young person faced the problem before her. Notice 
also how the Lord has rewarded her with greater 
faith and love of life and God. 

A young man was graduating with honors from 
both high school and seminary. All his life he had 
loved the Lord and had served Him faithfully. He 
had always courageously stood for what he knew 
to be right. Then one day he became ill. At first it 
was thought that the sickness was not serious. Soon, 
however, it became apparent that he had a fatal 
blood disorder. The boy and his family realized he 
would never recover. All had fasted, prayed, and 
exercised great faith in the Lord; but it was not the 
Lord's will that the boy should live. However, the 
boy's faithfulness and courage were rewarded. On 
the morning of the day he died, he expressed his 
gratitude to his father and mother. Quietly, calmly, 
and peacefully he looked into his mother's troubled 
eyes and said: 

"Mother, this night I have learned to appreciate 
the Lord more than ever before in my life. I do love 
my Saviour; and, Mother, I know now what He 
wants me to do." 

In a short time, in peace and with quiet courage, 
his spirit left his body to fulfill a mission with the 
Saviour whom he so dearly loved and served. 

Notice how these people had the faith and cour- 
age to do the right thing. Is it not wonderful how 
the Lord blessed them? 

To these few examples we could add thousands 
more. There are thousands of young and old in this 
Church who have the faith and courage of the boy, 
David, as he faced the mighty Goliath. If we show 
that courage and rely on our Father in heaven, we 
will be blessed and comforted, just as was David. 

— Marshall T. Burton. 



(For Course 8, lessons of October 4 and 25, "Samuel, the King- 
maker" and "David, the Young Champion.") 



Library Pile Reference: Courage. 



308 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



-X 






From a painting by 

Paul Forester and Edward T. Grigware 



The Arrival of the A 



On December 12, 1850, the first group of missionaries of The Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints arrived in Honolulu. 1 They had been sent to preach 
the Gospel to the white people, but soon found they could do little in this regard. 
The majority of the elders wanted to return without attempting to teach the natives. 
However, Elder George Q. Cannon, the youngest member of the group, "seeing 
himself surrounded by a whole nation which was ignorant of the principles of the 
Gospel and who ought to be taught the message of salvation which God had em- 
powered them to carry, was so powerfully impressed with the feeling that he ought 
to stay and warn the nation, that he declared ... he would . . . remain and learn 
the language and do his duty as an Elder to that people, even if he did not baptize 
a soul." 2 

Consequently, five of the ten elders remained, learned the language, and were 
soon able to preach, baptize, and organize branches. Elder Cannon also translated 
the Book of Mormon into the Hawaiian language. When the elders left Honolulu 
to return to America, July 29, 1854, there were nearly 4,000 members of the Church 
in Hawaii. 

This painting, located on the north wall of the guest reception foyer at The 
Church College of Hawaii, Laie, depicts the dedication of the Islands for the work 



1 The first Christian missionaries to arrive in Hawaii were Congregationalists from New England. They 
arrived in 1820. 

2 Andrew Jenson, Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia; Andrew Jenson History Company, printed 
by The Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1901; page 45. 




Reproduced for The Instructor 

by Wheelwright Lithographing Co. 



lormon Missionaries 



of the Lord, with Elder Hiram Clark, presiding elder, officiating. The text below, 
describing the mural, is on a pedestal in the foyer and was written by Elder George 
Q. Cannon: 

"Our first duty after securing lodgings was to repair to a convenient mountain, 
on the top of which we found a steep knob that rose suddenly and formed a table 
of thirty or thirty-live feet in width. 

"On the way up we picked up a rock apiece, with which we formed a rude altar. 
We then sang a hymn, and each one in his turn expressed his desires. The oldest, 
who was also the President, was selected to be mouth in prayer. He embodied our 
desires in his prayer. They were that the Lord would make speedy work on these 
Islands, open an effectual door for the preaching of the Gospel, confound all oppres- 
sors, help us to gather out the honest in heart, and spare our lives to return home 
in safety. 

"Having thus dedicated the Islands and ourselves to the Lord, one of the Elders 
spoke in tongues and uttered many comforting promises; and another interpreted. 
The Spirit of the Lord rested powerfully upon us, and we were filled with exceeding 
great joy. I had the satisfaction, afterwards, of witnessing the fulfillment of the 
promises made on that occasion." 



(For Course 4, lesson of September 6, "The Missionaries"; and for Course 6, lesson of August 2, "Our 
Missionaries"; and of general interest.) 

LIBRARY FILE REFERENCE: Missions — Mormon — Hawaii. 



KING DAVID AND THE 
LITTLE LAME PRINCE 

A Flannelboard Story by Marie F. Felt 



Have you ever had a good friend whom you 
loved dearly, a friend for whom you would do any- 
thing you could? King David did; and maybe you 
do, too. 

A long time ago when David was a young boy, 
our Heavenly Father became displeased with Saul, 
the king of Israel. He was so displeased that he 
told Samuel, the prophet, to go to Bethlehem and 
there, among the sons of Jesse, find and anoint one 
to be the new king. God would let him know which 
one to choose. So Samuel obeyed the Lord and did 
as he was commanded. y 

When David came before Samuel, the Lord told 
Samuel that this lad was the one who should be the 
new king. David felt happy and honored that the 
Lord should bless and trust him so. He was just a 
young boy now, and he would not really become 
king until he was a man. This meant that he had 
many years in which to prepare himself for his new 
responsibility. He knew, however, that our Heaven- 
ly Father would help him in every way if he would 
remember at all times to obey and honor Him. 
[End of Scene L] 

Now King Saul was a most unhappy man. He 
knew that he had disobeyed God and His prophet, 
Samuel. He also knew that when God was ready to 
take away his crown, he would no longer be king; nor 
would his sons or grandsons be kings after him. This 
made him bitter, and he became the enemy of every 
man who he thought might succeed him. 

One day King Saul was very ill. Wise doctors 
tried to help him, but each day he grew worse. Then 
one of his servants remembered that he recently had 
heard beautiful music while walking in the country. 
A shepherd boy named David had been playing on 
his harp. He felt sure that this music would help the 
king, so he invited David to come and play to him. 
David was proud and happy that he had been chosen 
to be of service to the sad king. 

Many songs did David sing. He sang on and on 
until the king closed his eyes in sleep. Everyone was 
happy. It had been a long time since the king had 
been able to sleep. He would be better when he 
awakened, they felt sure. [End of Scene II.] 



(For Course 2, lesson of November 1, "Helping Others Makes 
Everybody Happy"; for Course 8, lessons of October 4 and November 
8, "Samuel, the King Maker" and "A Shepherd Who Became King.") 



When David became a little older, a war broke 
out between the Israelites and some people called the 
Philistines. Among the Philistines was a great giant 
named Goliath. So large and strong was he that 
the men in King Saul's army, including David's 
brothers, were afraid to fight him. 

One day David, who had brought food to his 
soldier brothers, said that he was not afraid of the 
giant and that he would fight him. The reason David 
was not afraid was because he trusted in God. He 
knew that God was stronger and braver and smarter 
than the giant and that He would bless David so 
that he could kill the giant. This He did. [End of 
Scene III.] 

Now one would think that King Saul would love 
David and be grateful for all the kind things that 
he had done for him and his people, but that was 
not so. Instead he became angry and jealous be- 
cause he thought that the people of Israel loved 
David more than they loved their king. So angry 
was he that he would have killed David, had it not 
been for his son, Jonathan. 

Jonathan had known David for a long time and 
loved him dearly. He was not jealous because the 
people loved and honored David. At the time David 
killed Goliath, Jonathan even took off the prince's 
robe that he was wearing, and also his sword and 
bow, and gave them to David. And David dearly 
loved Jonathan, too. They were truly good friends. 

Now when friends are truly good friends, each is 
happy when the other is happy; and one is sad 
when the other is sad. They help each other if 
trouble comes. Thus, when Saul tried to harm David, 
Jonathan decided to help and protect his friend. 
When Jonathan saw that his father really intended 
to harm David, he told David that he had better 
leave the country, so that Saul could not kill him. 

"And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, for- 
asmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of 
the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, 
and between my seed and thy seed forever. And he 
arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the 
city." (/ Samuel 20:42.) [End of Scene IV.] 

Sometime later the Philistines again made war 
upon the Israelites. This time the Lord was not 
with Saul, nor was David, the Lord's chosen servant. 



AUGUST 1964 



309 



"So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armour- 
bearer, and all his men, that same day together." 
(J Samuel 31:6.) 

A few days later, a young man came to David 
and told him of the battle. He said, "... the people 
are fled from the battle, and many of the people 
also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his 
son are dead also." (II Samuel 1:4.) 

Some time later, as God had planned it should be, 
David became the King of Israel. He still loved King 
Saul; and most especially he loved Jonathan, King 
Saul's son, who had been for many years his dearest 
friend. 

One day he sent for a man named Ziba who had 
been a servant in the house of King Saul. He said 
to him, ". . . Is there yet any that is left of the 
house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for 
Jonathan's sake?" (i7 Samuel 9:1.) 

Then Ziba told him that Jonathan had a son, 
and that when that son was 5 years old and the news 
had come that Saul and Jonathan had been killed, 
the nurse who was caring for the boy had taken him 
and fled. As they fled, the boy fell and became lame. 
The boy's name was Mephibosheth. (See 77 Samuel 
4:4.) Then King David asked where the boy was, 
and Ziba told him. [End of Scene V.] 

"Then King David, sent, and fetched him out 
of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lo- 
debar." (// Samuel 9:5.) 

The lame prince was very much surprised when 
the servant came and said King David wanted him 
to come to the palace. He was really afraid to go; 
but when he went, he bowed low before the king. 

"And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will 
surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's 
sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy 
father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table con- 
tinually." (II Samuel 9:7.) 

Then King David called Ziba, King Saul's ser- 
vant, to him and told him that he had given to Me- 
phibosheth, Jonathan's son, all that had belonged to 
King Saul and Jonathan. David told Ziba that he 
and his sons and his servants should till the land 
and take care of it for Mephibosheth; and whatever 
the land produced should belong to the young prince. 

"Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all 
that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, 
so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said 
the king, he shall eat at my table as one of the 
king's sons. . . . 

"So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he 
did eat continually at the king's table; and was lame 
on both his feet." (// Samuel 9:11, 13.) [End of 
Scene VI.] 



How To Present the Flannelboard Story: 

Characters and Props Needed for This Presentation: 

Saul, King of Israel, seated on his throne. (OT113.) 
The Prophet Samuel as he anoints David. (OT114.) 
David, as he is being anointed by Samuel. (OT115.) 
David, as he plays before King Saul. (OT116.) 
David with his slingshot. (OT117.) 
Goliath, the Philistine Giant. (OT118.) 
David and Jonathan, as they talk together. (OT119.) 
David, as King of Israel, seated on his throne. (OT120.) 
Ziba, servant to King Saul, standing upright. (OT121.) 
Mephibosheth, Jonathan's son who was lame, as he appears 
before the King. (OT122.) 

Order of Episodes: 

Scene I: 

Scenery: Outdoor Scene. 

Action: The Prophet Samuel is seen anointing David. 
Scene II: 

Scenery: Same as Scene I. 

Action: David is seen playing his harp as King Saul 
rests. 

Scene HI: 

Scenery: Outdoor Scene. 

Action: David is seen with his slingshot approaching 
the giant Goliath. 

Scene IV: 

Scenery: Outdoor Scene. 

Action: Jonathan and David are seen talking as Jona- 
than sends David away to protect him from the 
wrath of King Saul. 

Scene V: 

Scenery: King David seated upon his throne. 

Action: Ziba is standing before King David. He is asked 
if any of King Saul's descendants still live. Ziba 
tells him about Jonathan's son, the lame prince. 

Scene VI: 

Scenery: Same as Scene V. 

Action: Ziba and the lame prince are seen talking with 
King David. 



Order of Flannelboard Scenes 




Library File Reference: David. 



310 




The Goals of Gospel Teaching 



Superintendents 

What superintendency among us 
would permit a member of their 
faculty to teach untruths? We hope 
there would be none. 

The Deseret Sunday School 
General Board set up, some years 
ago, a procedure to deter such 
teaching. It is the assignment of 
the superintendent specifically to 
supervise Courses 16 to 29; of one 
assistant to supervise Senior Sun- 
day School courses through Course 
15; and of the other assistant to 
supervise the Junior Sunday 
School courses. (See The Sunday 
School Handbook, pages 19, 20.) 

Many superintendents and as- 
sistants often ask what they should 
look for when they visit a class. Of 
course, there are innumerable sug- 
gestions that could be made. We 
will mention but one. 

In his book, Teaching the Gospel 
— the pre-service teacher training 
manual of the Sunday School — Dr. 
Asahel D. Woodruff sets out a fun- 
damental goal for teachers. He 
says: 

"The mission of the teacher is 
to bring about an increase in 
knowledge of the Gospel in all of 
the Lord's children. It is what each 
person comes to know and then 
lives in life that determines his 
eternal happiness." (Page 3.) 

It is imperative that the Sunday 
School teach only the eternal prin- 
ciples of the Gospel. It is impor- 
tant to each member that he learn 
these principles. 

Not all methods of teaching 
achieve this result. There is a phi- 
losophy of "Progressive Educa- 
tion," so-called, which according to 
one of its bitterest foes, Dr. Max 
Rafferty, California State Super- 



intendent of Public Instruction, 
has said, "preach nonexistence of 
eternal truths, lasting virtues, posi- 
tive standards, enduring values." 

Dr. Woodruff very clearly and 
simply has set forth the differences 
in the two predominant schools of 
thought in America today. These 
should be understood by every 
teacher or supervisor of religious 
education in the Church. 

"There are two conflicting views 
in today's educational world, and 
they are related to this matter. 
The conflict is a serious one, from 
the standpoint of the Gospel. One 
view is that there are truths in 
the universe we must learn about 
and abide by, because they deter- 
mine what happens to us, whether 
we like it or not. This view holds 
that all that is constructive and 
good comes from obedience to 
these truths. The other view holds 
that there are not such compelling 
truths or forces in the universe. 
This view holds that the universe 
will in some way adapt itself to 
each individual. Each person 
should do those things which give 
him satisfaction. He should culti- 
vate his own individuality and not 
be warped by outside pressures. 

"Under the first view education 
is primarily an attempt to learn the 
truth about the physical universe 
and the divine and human element 
in it. Under the second view edu- 
cation is primarily an exercise to 
develop the individual's peculiar 
capacities without predetermined 
goals. Although these two views 
have many things in common, their 
differences are of great significance. 

"The first view corresponds 
closely with the scriptural founda- 
tions of the Gospel. These present 
the universe to us as a stable, pow- 



erful set of eternal laws. They de- 
scribe man's task as one of master- 
ing (that is, comprehending and 
then achieving his purposes within) 
his eternal home. They do not de- 
scribe man as a pawn in this world 
of law. Rather, man is described as 
a potential creator and ruler of the 
universe, provided he pursues the 
path of knowledge, or the attain- 
ment of light and truth to reach 
this end. They describe the real 
forces and laws of the universe not 
as restrictive elements, but as 
means for freedom. True, they de- 
stroy those who disregard them, 
but they give wings to creative 
freedom to those who master them. 

The second view is closely allied 
with Pragmatism, and what is now 
called Experimentalism. In its psy- 
chological concepts it holds to the 
Freudian view of man. The basic 
Freudian position regards man es- 
sentially as an animal, living in a 
world without any definite moral 
requirements. The Freudian world 
and the Pragmatic world do not 
recognize God in their basic views. 
According to these views, the world 
is not being guided by a divine be- 
ing. It is merely evolving in a na- 
turalistic manner. Hence man has 
no obligation to any outside stand- 
ards, and there are no facts which 
are irrevocably true. In the absence 
of such outside compelling forces, 
man is free to believe what he 
wishes about the world. All he has 
to do is develop a set of beliefs 
which seem consistent and com- 
fortable to him. He has merely to 
develop a set of behaviors which 
give him satisfaction, assuming 
that the world will not force him 
out of his personal interpretation 
or interfere with his satisfactions. 

(Concluded on following page.) 



AUGUST 1964 



311 



THE GOALS OF GOSPEL TEACHING (Concluded from preceding page.) 

"The first view regards educa- "Under the first view, the most are opposed to the use of propa- 

tion as the mastery of knowledge important task of the Church edu- ganda. They encourage each per- 

and then the use of knowledge to cational program is to teach the son's creative development. They 

choose and follow constructive principles and facts in the Gospel, subscribe readily to the Gospel 

lines of behavior. The second view This is regarded as necessary to objective of eternal joy. All of 

regards education as the cultiva- the attainment of celestial qualities these things are worthy aims. But 

tion of inborn skills such as think- through an upward struggle. Under so are they the aims of those who 

ing, problem solving, and creative the second view the objective of support the first view. Where, then, 

actions. Direct mastery of knowl- Church classes would be to provide is the critical difference? It is in 

edge is not deemed profitable, in opportunities for students to work this point: that the Gospel makes 

fact knowledge as such is not re- together, to stimulate original it clear that we can attain our full 

garded as of any great importance, thinking, and to draw out the stu- worth, magnify our own powers, 

It recognizes no ultimate values, dent so that he will be himself and become truly creative, only 

but regards value and truth as mat- find a satisfying adjustment to life, through acquiring knowledge and 

ters of relativity. Pragmatism gives priority to per- using it wisely. The Gospel holds 

"It should be clear that the first sonal adjustment over the attain- that men may ignore the compel- 

view requires a curriculum of ment of demanding ideals. In this ling facts of the universe only at 

truths to be learned. The second it has fostered a letdown in the the cost of some or all of their pos- 

view requires a curriculum of de- drive for high spiritual goals. sible ultimate happiness. It teaches 

velopmental experiences, in which "Proponents of the second view us that the degree of one's happi- 

subject matter is a means of hav- are enthusiastic about the worth ness depends on the degree of his 

ing experience, but not something of an individual. They seek to help obedience to truth. Hence educa- 

which of itself must be learned. him magnify his own powers. They tion must concentrate first on 

teaching the eternal truths we 

_^ — must live by, and then on helping 

us be as individual as we care to 

Why Children Remain in Junior each individual child will make in- be within the realm of reality, as 

Sunday School after Baptism dividual adjustments as the need creative as we can be, and as pow- 

arises. Thus, baptism is not the e rful as we can become through 

It is the plan of the Deseret signal for children to move from intelligent use of our knowledge. 

Sunday School Union that as chil- Junior Sunday School to Senior if we try to do these things with- 

dren become members of Junior Sunday School. Rather, upon the ut a knowledge of the truth, we 

Sunday School at or near the age completion of Course 5, "Living will eventually fail." (Teaching the 

of 3 they enter Course 1. They re- 0ur Reli f ion ' Part "/'children are Gospel, pages 16-18.) 

main in that course until the age of fT^^Tt^^Tv ^^ ^^ leSS ° nS ^ 
4 If they are 4 on or before the f^ Sc T h ° o1 t0 ^° Sunday teachings, while they involve solv- 
4. ii mey are gchool Qn January first problems and individual char- 
first of January m an odd-num- why ^ ^^ ^^^ ^ ^ m ^.^ fo teach _ 
bered year, they are placed in ^ ^ of baptigm? The gunday ^ ^^ rf ^ Gogpel fo 

Course la; on even-numbered Schoo i course f study is so organ- children . The Prophet Joseph 

years they are placed in Course 2. ized that one course of study is gmith dedflied tMg princip i e: 

Then this group of children remain ^ upon another . Should chil- „ And when we obtain any 6fegg . 

together throughout their Sunday dren advance to Course 6 at the ^ {t . g by obedience to 

School experience until they reach time of baptism, they would miss ^ ^ which {t . g predi _ 

the adult classes-Courses 20, 23, part of two courses-Course 5 and (Doctrin e and Covenants 

24 > and 25 or 26 ' CouiBe 6, thus leaving a gap m < ^ ^^ 

Children are advanced from one their religious education of our Pr0 p he t in our teaching, 

course to the next as a group. Of — Mima Kasoana. 

. , ., , j m '„ — Superintendent 

course, wise teachers and admin- ^ 

, . , Library File Reference: Sunday Schools— Mor- Lvnn 8 Richards 

istrators who are concerned with mon-Locai Leadership. L,ynno.nu,nuiu&. 



312 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Answers to Your Questions 



Has Sunday School Class Organization Been Abolished? How Are Total Enlistment Contacts Noted? 



Q. Has the new home teaching enlistment pro- 
gram abolished the Sunday School class organiza- 
tion? — Emigration Stake. 

A. No. Class organizations continue as usual 
and are used for fellowshipping, secretarial aid, li- 
brary aid, and class socials, and will also continue to 
be used in enlistment work under direction of the 
Sunday School superintendency and in cooperation 
with the home teachers. 



Q. How is column 15, "Total Enlistment Con- 
tacts," filled in? — Superintendents' Conference. 

A. Column 15 of the old report should be ig- 
nored. There is no longer any significance in the 
number of enlistment contacts made by Sunday 
School representatives as these contacts are deter- 
mined solely under direction of the bishopric in the 
home teaching program. This column has been re- 
moved from new reports. 

— Superintendent David Lawrence McKay. 



Memorized Recitations 

for Oct. 4, 1964 

Scriptures listed below should be 
memorized by students of Courses 
10 and 16 during the months of 
August and September. Students 
of these classes should then recite 
in unison the scriptures for their 
respective classes during the Sun- 
day School worship service of Oct. 
4, 1964. 

Course 10: 

(Jesus taught that another com- 
forter, the Holy Ghost, would come 
to teach all things and bring all 
things to our remembrance.) 

"But the Comforter, which is the 
Holy Ghost, whom the Father will 
send in my name, he shall teach 
you all things, and bring all things 
to your remembrance, whatsoever 
I have said unto you." 

—John 14:26. 



Course 16: 

(Alma taught that an atonement 
would be made for all those who 
believe on the name of Jesus 
Christ.) 

"And he shall come into the 
world to redeem his people; and he 
shall take upon him the transgres- 
sions of those who believe on his 
name; and these are they that shall 
have eternal life, and salvation 
cometh to none else. 

"Therefore the wicked remain as 
though there had been no redemp- 
tion made, except it be the loosing 
of the bands of death; for behold, 
the day cometh that all shall rise 
from the dead and stand before 
God, and be judged according to 
their works." 

—Alma 11:40,41. 



The Deseret Sunday School Union 



COMING EVENTS 

Sept. 20, 1964 
Budget Fund Sunday 

• • • 

Sept. 27, 1964 

Begin 
Teacher-training Class 

• • • 

Oct. 2, 3, and 4, 1964 

Semi-annual 
General Conference 

• • • 

Oct. 4, 1964 

Semi-annual 
Sunday School Conference 



George R. Hill, General Superintendent 

David Lawrence McKay, First Assistant General Superintendent; Lynn S. Richards, Second Assistant General Superintendent; 
Wallace F. Bennett, General Treasurer; Paul B. Tanner, Assistant General Treasurer; Richard E. Folland, General Secretary 

MEMBERS OF THE DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOARD 



George R. Hill 
David L. McKay 
Lynn S. Richards 
Wallace F. Bennett 
Richard E. Folland 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Marie F. Felt 
Gerrit de Jong, Jr. 
Earl J. Glade 
A. William Lund 
Kenneth S. Bennion 
J. Holman Waters 
H. Aldous Dixon 
Leland H. Monson 
Alexander Schreiner 
Lorna C. Alder 
A. Parley Bates 



William P. Miller 
Vernon J. LeeMaster 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Eva May Green 
Melba Glade 
Addie L. Swapp 
W. Lowell Castleton 
Henry Eyring 
Carl J. Christensen 
Hazel F. Young 
Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 
Asahel D. Woodruff 
Frank S. Wise 
Clair W. Johnson 
Delmar H. Dickson 
Clarence Tyndall 



Wallace G. Bennett 
Addie J. Gilmore 
Camille W. Halliday 
Margaret Hopkinson 
Mima Rasband 
Edith M. Nash 
Minnie E. Anderson 
Alva H. Parry 
Bernard S. Walker 
Harold A. Dent 
Paul B. Tanner 
Catherine Bowles 
Raymond B. Holbrook 
Joseph Fielding Smith, 
Lorin F. Wheelwright 
Fred W. Schwendiman 



Jr. 



Lewis J. Wallace 
Clarence E. Wonnacott 
Lucy Picco 
Arthur D. Browne 
J. Roman Andrus 
Howard S. Bennion 
Herald L. Carlston 
O. Preston Robinson 
Robert F. Gwilliam 
Dale H. West 
Bertrand F. Harrison 
Willis S. Peterson 
Greldon L. Nelson 
Thomas J. Parmley 
Jane L. Hopkinson 
Oliver R. Smith 



G. Robert Ruff 
Anthony I. Bentley 
Mary W. Jensen 
John S. Boyden 
Golden L. Berrett 
Marshall T. Burton 
Edith B. Bauer 
Elmer J. Hartvigsen 
Donna D. Sorensen 
Calvin C Cook 
A. Hamer Reiser 
Robert M. Cundick 
Clarence L. Madsen 
J. Elliot Cameron 
Bertrand A. Childs 
James R. Tolman 



Richard L. Evans, Howard W. Hunter, Advisers to the General Board 



AUGUST 1964 



313 



THE MOST FAMOUS BOOK IN 



by Blaise Levai* 

People called him "Barbarossa" because of a 
flaming red beard and a head as bald as an egg. Orig- 
inally from England, he was stationed among the 
Muslims in India during World War II and had 
grown to admire their stubborn will. Even after his 
regiment had been sent to Burma, he often thought 
of returning to India. One day, under heavy artil- 
lery fire and with shells screaming overhead, never 
knowing when one might find him as its mark, he 
made a vow that if God spared his life, he would 
return to India with the most famous book in the 
world. 

In time the war ended, and Barbarossa returned 
to India. Day after day he went among the Muslims 
— in the market place, in the bazaar, wherever people 
were — always distributing- the Holy Bible. 

One day an angry shopkeeper spat in his face 
and called him a "heathen pig!" Barbarossa wiped 
his face, smiled, and quietly walked away. 

The Muslim priests protested to the authorities 
about his activities. They charged that he was a 
public nuisance who was turning Muslims away from 
the Prophet Mohammed to the Prophet Jesus. Peo- 
ple began to jeer at him and interrupt him when he 
tried to speak. Lifting a hand, he cried, "Listen to 
me, and I promise I shall leave." 

The people were struck with the way he spoke — 
with such intensity, with such fervor — that they 
quieted to only a murmur and watched him. 

"Look!" he said, and pulled off his turban. The 
blazing sun seemed to reflect its rays from his bald 
head as from a sparkling mirror. The crowd had not 
seen his head before, as it had always been covered 
with a turban. As they stared at it, they were 
startled. 

Barbarossa seized upon the moment and called 
out to them: "God has given me a natural bald head, 



(For Course 4, lesson of October 25, "The Bible Is a Record"; 
for Course 10, lesson of November 15, "Feed My Sheep"; for Course 
12, lesson of October 11, "The Most Famous Book in the World"; 
for Course 28, lesson of November 22, "Religious Liberty and Toler- 
ation"; and for general reading.) 

*Dr. Blaise Levai served 15 years in India as professor of New 
Testament and English and Vice Principal of Voorhees College, 
Vellore, South India. At present he is managing editor of the 
Record with the American Bible Society. He holds a B.A. degree 
from Hope College (Holland, Michigan), a B.D. (Bachelor of Di- 
vinity) from Rutgers Theological Seminary (New Brunswick, New 
Jersey); an M.A. from the University of Chicago, and an Ed.D. from 
the University of Michigan. He has done post doctoral work at 
the State University of Iowa. 



but your priests must'^have their heads! God has 
given me a natural red beard, while your priests 
have to dye their beards! Gaze upon this bushy red 
beard that God has given me, and remember it well! 
For I shall not be permitted to speak to you any 
longer here in the market place! Be assured, though, 
that I shall remember you and continue to pray for 
you, just as I have been doing, commending you to 
the Prophet Jesus, who can enable you to love as 
victoriously as He loved. You will remember me be- 
cause I have brought you His message of love." 

By now the crowd had started to laugh at him. 
But one man in the crowd was strangely moved. It 
was the man who had spat in Barbarossa's face. That 
night he came to Barbarossa. 

"Now," said the Muslim, "I am ready to hear. 
When I watched you today before all those people 
who were laughing and scoffing at you and saw how 
little effect it had on you, and that, no matter how 
much they scoffed, you always spoke in love, I knew 
that I must come to you. Never should I have spat 
into your face. Forgive me. I did it, I suppose, be- 
cause I did not understand. But now I want to know 
more of this Jesus who has loved so completely." 

Thus, among that entire Muslim community, one 
person accepted the Master and the passionate con- 
cern to make God's book available for his people. 
And, who knows, with that one coming to under- 
stand about the Master and to know the Bible, per- 
haps others came to also accept Him. 

Still keeping his vow, the last time Barbarossa 
was seen was when he was making his way toward 
the borders of Tibet. As God's word-bearer he con- 
tinues to present again the most important book in 
the world. 

The Holy Bible continues to be received and 
revered as the world's most famous book by count- 
less people everywhere. The Bible continues to send 
forth thousands of missionaries and translators 
throughout the world so that the man who has been 
without it, no matter how rich or poor he may be, 
or whether dwelling in a large city or small village, 
may have his own Bible in his own language. 

The Bible is an historical record about God, His 
search for man, and man's quest for Him. In its 
sacred pages is God's intimate message to all man- 



314 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



THE WORLD 



kind. This message was not man-made but God- 
given. It was not attained by imagination — but 
given by revelation. It was not found in the ruins 
of some ancient temple. "Flesh and blood hath not 
revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in 
heaven." 

Men like Barbarossa have found that we, as 
Christians, are not so much responsible for debating 
God's message as we are committed to distribute and 
proclaim it. 

Some years ago Chanda Ray, born a high-caste 
Hindu, spent a night with a friend in a Chris- 
tian hospital. The friend was to have an eye re- 
moved with the hope of saving the sight of the other 
eye. In the evening the man said to Chandu Ray, 
"Take my Bible and read to me the fourteenth chap- 
ter of John." As Chandu Ray read the stirring words 
of Jesus, he put down the Bible and exclaimed, "You 
are not going to go blind! And what's more, I am 
even now receiving my own spiritual sight. I am 
beginning to see the Light!" 

The two spent the remainder of the night in de- 
votion and prayer. In the morning the surgeon 
examined the eye, then excitedly called, "Quick, get 
me the other lens!" The assistant brought a more 
powerful lens. Examining the eye again, the surgeon 
asked in amazement, "Tell me, were you conscious 
of anything happening in the night?" 

The patient told the doctor how they had read 
God's word and prayed through the night hours, 
and how he had introduced Chandu to the Master. 

"Did you shed any tears?" the surgeon asked. 

"Yes, doctor, there were many tears shed." 

"Then it must have been the tears," said the 
surgeon. "Something has happened to dissolve the 
center of tension. I am going to postpone the opera- 
tion." 

That operation never took place. Today the pa- 
tient can see clearly with both eyes. Chandu Ray 
i& now the first Pakistani bishop of the Anglican 
Church and former secretary of the Bible Society of 
India, Pakistan, and Ceylon. 

When we pray and study the Bible like this, the 
unity of fellowship becomes real and the world can 
see the transforming power of its most famous book. 




Library Pile Reference: Bible. 



He went among the Muslims- 
bazaar, wherever people were- 



-in the market place, in the 
-distributing the Holy Bible. 



AUGUST 1964 



315 



Hymns We Love To Sing 




Senior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of October 



Hymn: "Oh What Songs of the 
Heart"; author, Joseph L. Townsend; 
composer, William Clayson; Hymns — 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints, No. 87. 

Here we have again, as last 
month, a genuine, homespun 
hymn; both author and com- 
poser are Latter-day Saints. For 
some details on their lives and 
work, we may consult the last issue 
of The Instructor. 

This hymn is sung less often 
than it deserves to be sung. It is 
our own, and it is of good quality. 
Therefore, we now have the oppor- 
tunity to become better acquainted 
with its fine quality. 

The subject of this hymn is our 
heavenly home. And there are 
many beloved hymns on this same 
subject. For example: "We Shall 
Meet Beyond the River"; "Let Me 
Come and Dwell with Thee"; "I 
Have Read of a Beautiful City"; 
"Farewell All Earthly Honors"; 
"Sing Ye of a Home Immortal"; 
and "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot." 

Latter-day Saints through the 
divine teachings of the Restored 
Gospel have a completely whole- 
some point of view on this subject. 
On the one hand, we do not be- 
lieve in the great need to hurry into 
the life beyond; we consider it 
our duty to work and live well in 
the present mortal existence grant- 
ed us through the revealed plan 
of salvation. But on the other hand, 
we do not fear the life to come, 
neither do we grieve excessively 
when the mortal life of a loved one 



is stilled in death. As Latter-day 
Saints, we have felt the power of 
Gospel testimony in our souls, and 
likewise we are completely satis- 
fied regarding the sureness of life 
everlasting. This is never debated 
nor questioned in the minds of 
Latter-day Saints. The doctrine is 
true; we believe it completely, and 
we reap the consequent peace of 
the soul. "Happy is the man . . . 
that g e 1 1 e t h understanding." 
(Proverbs 3:13.) 

Let us sing this hymn, then, in 
the spirit of that other hymn which 
says: "And should we die . . . hap- 
py day, all is well." 

To the Chorister: 

Technical comments: first, as to 
tempo. Some choristers specialize 
in high speeds, others in low. May 
we plead again for the golden 
mean. The best tempo is one so 
appropriate, so natural, so comfort- 
able, that no one will ever be aware 
of it. It is your duty and task to 
think of it and to discipline your- 
self against wild extravagances, 
either fast or slow. The recom- 
mended tempo is marked at the top 
of the page. This approximates 
eight beats every five seconds. 
Practice this with the second 
hand on your watch, and do this at 
home and at preparation meeting. 
Both musicians and nonmusicians 
will appreciate your giving this 
careful attention. 

Next, as to the fermatas. These 
two spots need not be counted nor 



beat out by you. It is best 
to just hold the baton for a com- 
fortable period of time. How long 
is comfortable? This will be ap- 
proximately a half note, followed 
by a quarter rest. As the recipe 
says: season to taste. 

To the Organist: 

You will have in this hymn 
an excellent opportunity to prac- 
tice your skill in transposing down 
a half step, and doing this easily 
and painlessly. There are no acci- 
dentals throughout this music. 
Therefore merely replace the three 
sharps with four flats in the key 
signature and play away. It will 
sound in the key of A Flat. We 
recommend that this hymn be sung 
everywhere in the lower key, so 
that everyone, male or female, who 
enjoys singing the melody can be 
comfortable in so doing. 

A choir normally sings in four 
parts; a congregation normally 
sings in unison. If you have any 
doubt, try it both ways. The mel- 
ody should be heard in octaves. 
When Tschaikowsky and Wagner 
presented their most expressive 
and emotional melodies, they al- 
ways had them heard by both vio- 
lins and cellos together, an octave 
apart. 

Happy hymn practice! 

— Alexander Schreiner. 



(The Senior Sunday School hymn for No- 
vember will be "Come, Ye Thankful People," 
Hymns, No. 29.) 



316 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Junior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of October 



Hymn: "We Thank Thee, O God, 
for a Prophet"; author, William Fow- 
ler; composer, Mrs. Norton; The Chil- 
dren Sing, No. 54. 

Children need security. They 
should have the assurance that 
some things are always right to do 
and that some things are disap- 
proved of, not only by adults, but 
also by our Heavenly Father. One 
of the comforts of life lies in having 
a prophet to guide us and tell us 
how to please our Father in heaven. 

With the availability of modern 
communications, many of us can 
see and hear our beloved Prophet. 
He continually gives messages to 
us which will guide us in the way 
of perfection if we live as he says. 

To the Chorister: 

Before introducing "We Thank 
Thee, God, for a Prophet," show 
a picture of President David 0. 
McKay. One sentence telling that 
he is the prophet who is guiding us 
is all the explanation that is neces- 
sary. Do this when the hymn is 
presented. On following Sundays, 
you may want to show the picture 
again and ask who he is. 

By your attitude you can help 
children feel that it is a joy to fol- 
low a prophet; that it is a pleasure 
and a privilege to serve in the 
Church; and that they should 
"love to obey thy command." 

Many children will know this 
hymn. It is appealing to them and 
is used often. Your group will de- 
termine how you teach it. When 
you begin to sing it for them, if 
many want to sing with you, you 



will know it is a hymn they pre- 
viously have learned; and you will 
not need to teach it by rote. If 
they cannot sing it without help, 
teach it by rote as is suggested in 
A Guide for Choristers and Organ- 
ists in Junior Sunday School, page 
22. 

To the Organist: 

Play the hymn as it is written. 
Many children will be familiar with 
the melody and will not need your 
help to determine it. 

The rhythm is the problem in 
this hymn. Be sure to give full val- 
ue to the dotted-eighth notes and 
to keep the sixteenth notes that 
follow in their allotted time. Un- 



less you practice the hymn enough, 
you will of necessity lengthen the 
sixteenth notes while you look for 
the note that follows. When you 
do this, the rhythm tends to be- 
come even instead of uneven as it 
is written. This spoils the pulse 
of the music. 

Play a firm, but not loud, ac- 
companiment. It is seldom you 
practice a hymn with which so 
many children are acquainted. 
When you use unfamiliar material, 
the organ or piano is often used to 
help with the melody. This month 
you can add variety and interest 
by playing all the accompaniment. 
— Mary W. Jensen. 

{The hymn for November will be "Father, 
Thou Who Carest," The Children Sing, No 5.) 



October Sacrament Gems 

For Senior Sunday School For Junior Sunday School 

"If ye love me, keep my com- Jesus said: ". . . Thou shalt love 
mandments." 1 the Lord thy God with all thy 



Uohn 14:15. 



heart. . . ." 2 



^Matthew 22:37. 



^ 



Organ Music To Accompany October Sacrament Gems 

Darwin K. Wolford 



mp 



^ 



'J 



r 



3 



«Y.. i' ° 



-s~ 






& 



rrr 



p 



r 



^ 




Alvin Gittins: art — 289. 

Lee Van Wagoner: photos— -292, 293, 300. 
Photo subjects on pages 292, 293 are: 
Rodney Kimball (father); LeNeve 
Kimball (mother) ; their children — 
LeNeve, Kevin, Stanley, Clea, Bruce, 
Jolene, Sylvia K. Harmon, Randy, 
Ruby, Sharon, Mary Lou, Kenneth, 



PHOTO AND ART CREDITS 

Larry, Kirk; son-in-law, Jared Har- 
mon; grandchildren — David, Alma K., 
Jared, and Kim Harmon; all of Provo 
(Utah) 21st Ward, Sharon Stake. 

Charles Nickerson: art — 295. 

Sherman T. Martin: art — layouts ; pho- 
tos— 301, 303, 323. 

Arnold Friberg: art— 303, 323. 



Dale Kilbourn: art — 306. 

Bill Johnson: art— 298, 310, 315, out- 
side back cover. 

Albert Solomon: photos— 318, 319, 320. 

Lucien Bown: photo — center spread. 

Charles J. Jacobsen: art — inside front 
and back covers. 

Erla Young: art — flannelboard figures. 



AUGUST 1964 



317 



When We Know People, 

We Love Them 



by Burl Shephard 



Kindergarten classes of the Sunday School have 
a September lesson entitled "When We Know Peo- 
ple We Love Them." Realizing the basic truth of 
this philosophy, it has been the dedicated endeavor 
of a group of 50 young Latter-day Saint performers 
to promote fellowship and understanding between 
Twentieth century Judah and Ephraim. They say: 

Our objective is to spread understanding and 
appreciation for the history of Israel and the great 
drama of a people's age-old struggle for dignity, 
survival, and freedom. 

This is the stated purpose of the Yovail 1 Dancers 
from Pasadena (California) Stake and other nearby 
areas. That they have been unusually successful in 
this endeavor to "spread understanding and appre- 
ciation" has been evidenced by their wide acceptance 
before Jewish and other audiences. A recent specta- 
tor has commented that it is good to see the hand 
of true fellowship and kindness extended to Israel. 

The Yovail Dance program grew out of a stake- 
wide MIA Adult Study program in 1962 entitled, 



(For Course 2, lesson of September 13, "When We Know People 
We Love them"; for Course 6, lesson of December 6, "Organization 
of the Church Provides Many Opportunities"; for Course 16, lessons 
of October 25 and November 1, "The Gathering of Israel"; and for 
Course 28, lesson of October 25, "The Dispersion and Gathering of 
Israel"; and of general interest.) 

1 Yovail is Hebrew for "Jubilee." 



"Understanding Israel." As the lessons progressed, 
stake leader Mildred Handy organized and directed 
the youth in the creative dance effort, and there are 
now 65 or 70 young performers in the group. Of 
them she says, "Working with this group of dedi- 
cated youth for the past 15 months has been the 
greatest inspiration of my life. ... I am humbled 
by the power of youth who are aware of their destiny 
and embued with the spirit of the Lord; and I feel 
that their faith will be rewarded in the realization 
of the great dream to take the spirit of Mormonism 
to Israel in 1964." 

President of the group, David Handy, a predental 
student at Pasadena City College, has received sev- 
eral 100% priesthood awards and in addition to 
many Church activities is active in baseball and 
basketball. Believing that the redemption of the 
House of Israel can come only after a climate of 
understanding and appreciation has been achieved, 
he says, "To understand in depth the mission of 
Israel is to understand better the plan of salvation 
and one's own Latter-day Saint heritage." 

One hundred and twenty-three years ago, on 
October 24, 1841, Elder Orson Hyde made a hazard- 
ous journey to the Holy Land; and standing on the 
Mount of Olives he dedicated that land to the return 




1. Linda Harrington, assistant choreographer and in- 
structor of the group, studied dancing for many years 
in Salt Lake City and has chosen to spend a year 
with the dance group before attending Brigham 
Young University. Says she: "I now have a greater 
understanding and knowledge of Israel, its history, 
and my own heritage." Linda's mother, Alta Harring- 
ton, sacrificed much to tour Israel a few years ago 
and says of it, "Israel — Israel — the very air breathed 
freedom." She was thrilled when her daughter was 
accepted as a member of the Yovail dance group. 

2. Lynn Moser, dancer and musician, offered to sell her 
hair to help raise funds for the Yovail trip to Israel. 

3. Youthful Yovail Dancers of Pasadena Stake perform 
on lawn for a ten-minute color film with their accom- 
panist, Mark Seamons. Dances are done barefooted. 



318 



THE INSTRUCTOR 




of the Jews. This was the land from which they 
had been dispersed nearly two thousand years before. 
In 1873 George A. Smith was sent to Jerusalem by 
Brigham Young to again dedicate the land and pray 
that the Lord would hasten His work in opening the 
way for the return of the Jews. 

Now, in 1964, more than 40 youth of the Church 
will tour Israel with a program of interpretive dance. 
They will visit the Kibbutzim (collective farms) and 
become acquainted with the youth of Israel. Their 



Youthful dance manager Geary Y ounce, of Hillsborough, 
Oregon, and assistant dance instructor, Lanigene Handy of 
Pasadena, perform in authentic costumes. Geary is attending 
California Institute of Technology at Pasadena and works 
as electronic engineer at the Naval Ordinance Test Station 
there. "Lani" as she is known by family and friends, a high 
school junior and an active Latter-day Saint, is a dis- 
tinguished member of Orchesis, a national dance society. 



training program for this venture has included not 
only authentic dance training, but also a study of 
the history of Israel and of the Hebrew language. 
Leaders of the dance team have taken dance instruc- 
tion from Dani Dassa at the University of Judaism 
in Los Angeles. In addition, direct help and instruc- 
tion has been given the entire group by other Jewish 
authorities in the field of music and dance peculiar 
to their race. 

The Yovail program features more than 30 num- 
bers selected from the folk dances of Israel and 
Jews around the world. It also includes a modern 
Western interlude, "Campfires of Zion," affording a 
glimpse of the Mormon Pioneer exodus. Their bene- 

(Continued on page 320.) 

4. When he was two months old, Mark Seamons, a priest in 
San Diego First Ward, San Diego Stake, lost both eyes 
due to cancer. But blessings of the priesthood promised 
a musical talent to compensate for his blindness. At the 
age of 2 years he began to play the piano. Now 16 years 
old and practically self-taught on both piano and organ, 
Mark furnishes superb musical accompaniment for the 
Yovail troupe and says their program "is the most won- 
derful thing that has come into my life." He travels from 
San Diego to Pasadena to participate in rehearsals. 
He is a son of Vern and Blanch Seamons. Mark's 
father is in the San Diego First Ward bishopric. 




AUGUST 1964 



319 



WHEN WE KNOW PEOPLE, WE LOVE THEM (Continued from page 319.) 



fit performances throughout southern California have 
been held in the Shrine Auditorium, Pasadena Civic 
Auditorium, and in many Jewish and LDS centers. 
They have engaged in other fund-raising activities 
also to defray the expense of their trip to Israel. 
While abroad they will also perform in Zurich, Swit- 
zerland, and in Paris, France. 

From the Old Testament times, the return of the 
Jews to their native land has been predicted. Isaiah 
proclaimed: 

And it shall come to pass in that day, that the 
Lord shall set his hand again the second time to re- 
cover the remnant of his people. . . . 

And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, 
and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather 
together the dispersed of Judah from the four cor- 
ners of the earth. (Isaiah 11:11, 12.) 

When the risen Christ taught the people on the 
American continent, He said: 

And I will remember the covenant which I have 
made with my people; and I have covenanted with 
them that I would gather them together in mine own 
due time, that I would give unto them again the land 
of their fathers for their inheritance, which is the 
land of Jerusalem, which is the promised land unto 
them forever, said the Father. (3 Nephi 20:29.) 

And how meaningful .are the prophet Mormon's 
words: 

Yea, and ye need not any longer hiss nor spurn, 
nor make game of the Jews, nor any of the remnant 
of the house of Israel: for behold, the Lord remem- 
bereth his Covenant unto them, and he will do unto 
them according to that which he hath sworn. 

Therefore, ye need not suppose that ye can turn 
the right hand of the Lord unto the left, that he 
may not execute judgment unto the fulfilling of the 
Covenant which he hath made unto the house of 
Israel. (3 Nephi 29:8, 9.) 

Israel became a free, independent state on May 
14, 1948. This was their first independent govern- 




ment since 63 B.C., when Rome conquered Judea. 2 
Except for a few brief years of freedom (141-63 
B.C.), the Jewish nation has been in bondage to 
other nations since 586 B.C. And yet the God of 
Israel has said of them: "If I forget thee, O Jeru- 
salem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I 
do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the 
roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above 
my chief joy." (Psalms 137:5, 6.) 

Between 1948 and 1960, over 972,000 Jews have 
returned to Israel from countries all over the world; 
and the gathering continues, averaging more than 
32,000 a year. The Prophet Joseph Smith, in dedi- 
cating the Kirtland Temple, pleaded for Judah's re- 
turn in these words: 

"But thou knowest that thou hast a great love 
for the children of Jacob who have been scat- 
tered upon the mountains for a long time, in a 
cloudy and dark day. We therefore ask thee to have 
mercy upon the children of Jacob, that Jerusalem 
from this hour may begin to be redeemed; and the 
yoke of bondage may begin to be broken off from 
the house of David; and the children of Judah may 
begin to return to the lands which thou didst give 
to Abraham, their father." (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 109:61-64.) 

A further admonition and prophecy relative to 
the last days is contained in these words of the Lord 
to Joseph Smith: 

. . . Prepare yourselves for the great day of the 
Lord. Watch, therefore, for ye know neither the day 
nor the hour. Let them, therefore, who are among 
the Gentiles flee unto Zion. And let them who be 
of Judah flee unto Jerusalem, unto the mountains 
of the Lord's house. (Doctrine and Covenants 133: 
10-13.) 

And He has also warned: 

Therefore, renounce war and proclaim peace, and 
seek diligently to turn the hearts of the children to 
their fathers, and the hearts of the fathers to the 
children; and again the hearts of the Jews unto the 
Prophets, and the Prophets unto the Jews; lest I 
come and smite the whole earth with a curse and all 
flesh be consumed before me. (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 98:16, 17.) 

The Yovail Dance group proclaims peace by sing- 
ing a song of "Shalom" (peace) at every perform- 
ance; and their great effort to "turn the hearts" of 
people towards understanding and brotherhood is 
indeed gratifying. They have accomplished much. 



2 See "When Rome Conquered Judea," by Burl Shephard; 
Instructor, January, 1964; page 10. 
Library File Reference: Salvation. 



The 



•^ David Handy, president of Yovail Dancers, and his mother, 
Mildred Handy, director, discuss plans for trip to Israel. 



320 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Suggested Lesson for Stake Conference Sunday, Fourth Quarter, 19 6 U 



The Law of the Land 



by William P. Miller 



(To the Teacher: The following outline is suggested 
for a uniform lesson to be used in the Senior Sunday 
School on Stake Conference Sunday during the fourth 
quarter of 1964. The ward superintendent should have 
determined in advance the number of Sunday School 
classes that will be held on stake conference Sunday so 
that teachers will be able to plan in advance for a partic- 
ular age group. It is not intended that teachers follow 
this outline in detail. Material should be adapted to the 
situation by the teacher. It may be that a particular sec- 
tion of this outline should receive special emphasis in your 
ward. However, it is recommended that the objective be 
followed as stated. It is assumed that Junior Sunday 
School classes will use their regular lessons for that Sun- 
day.) 

Objective: To develop in each individual a clear 
understanding that he should obey the laws of the 
land in which he lives. 

Regardless of the country in which we live, we 
are all subject to laws and regulations that affect our 
daily behavior. Some of these controls may limit 
what we may do as Church members, both individ- 
ually and collectively. At certain times, in some 
countries, these laws may interfere with our free- 
dom to participate in Church activities. 

The question of the individual's responsibility to 
the laws of the land arose in the early history of the 
Church. The clear policy of the Church is given in 
the twelfth Article of Faith which states, "We be- 
lieve in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and 
magistrates, in obeying, honoring, and sustaining 
the law." 

It is recommended that chapter 23 of the Articles 
of Faith by James E. Talmage be used as the basic 
text for the presentation of this lesson. 

Elder Talmage explains that from earliest his- 
tory, as recorded in the Old Testament, there was 
a recognition of the laws of the land and a strong 
admonition to observe those laws. Some of those 
laws and customs have been modified through the 
years and are not in effect today. However, in the 
history of the Old Testament they did apply and 
were recognized by the Lord. The teacher might 
use the examples of Hagar and Sarai, Isaac, and 
David. (See chapter 23, "Obedience to Authority 
Enjoined by Scripture.") 

During the Saviour's personal ministry on earth, 
his actions and teachings supported the prmciple of 

(For Course 6, lesson of November 1, "A Latter-day Saint Is a 
Good Citizen"; and for Course 28, lesson of November 29, "Sub- 
mission to Secular Authority.") 



observing the laws of the land, even if some appeared 
to be unjust. His classic answer to the Pharisees, 
who sought to trap Him, removed all doubt concern- 
ing His position when He said, ". . . Render there- 
fore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and 
unto God the things that are God's." (Matthew 
22:21.) The teacher could profitably use the ex- 
amples in the life of the Saviour as described by 
Elder Talmage. 

Following the death of the Saviour, the apostles 
faced continued problems concerning the relation- 
ship between the Church and the laws of the land. 
The writings of the apostles are filled with exhorta- 
tions to the Saints to uphold the civil laws. (See 
chapter 23, "Teachings of the Apostles.") Elder Tal- 
mage's statement is entirely clear to all when he 
says, "Governments are essential to human existence; 
they are recognized, given indeed, of the Lord: and 
His people are duty bound to sustain them." 

The Book of Mormort contains many illustrations 
supporting the principle of the Twelfth Article of 
Faith, (See chapter 23, "Book of Mormon Teach- 
ings.") 

The question is sometimes asked what position 
a person should take if the laws of the land are in 
conflict with the revealed word of God. Elder Tal- 
mage answers this question very well. (See chapter 
23, "Latter-day Revelation." See also Doctrine and 
Covenants 124:49, 50.) 

The clearest statement on this subject is the of- 
ficial statement of the Church as found in the Doc- 
trine and Covenants, section 134. It is suggested 
that the teacher read, or have read, to the clqss this 
entire section. 

Teachers might raise the question of the rela- 
tionship of the Church or churches to the laws of 
the state or country in which they live. Reference 
could be made to the Constitution of the United 
States and state constitutions. In the United States 
there are specific definitions concerning the rela- 
tionship of church and state in many state consti- 
tutions. This may or may not be the case in other 
countries. The teacher might well review this situa- 
tion in the particular state or country in which the 
class is located. President N. Eldon Tanner deals 
with this subject in his article, "Submission to Sec- 
ular Authority," in The Instructor, October, 1963, 
page 352. 



Library Pile Reference: Law. 



AUGUST 1964 



321 



Mr* 




Tenth in a Series of Articles to Support the Gospel Doctrine Course 

JESUS THE CHRIST 



October 4, 1964 

General Conference 

Review 

CHRIST ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE 

Lesson 37, Oct. 11, 1964 
Chapter 39, Pages 721-731 



T 



HIRD Nephi contains the Book of Mormon ac- 
count of what happened to the people in the 



(For Course 26, lessons of October 11, 18, and 25, "Ministry of 
Christ on the Western Hemisphere" and "The Long Night of Apos- 
tasy.") 



by Lowell L. Bennion 

Western Hemisphere at the birth, death, and resur- 
rection of the Saviour in Palestine. Most interesting 
is the report of His visits and teachings as a resur- 
rected being among the Nephites. What He said and 
did among them will be our major interest here. 

Nephites generally at this time were slow to be- 
lieve and quick to lapse into disbelief and wicked- 
ness following miraculous evidence of the Saviour's 
birth. By the time of the Lord's resurrection the na- 
tion consisted of two groups— those who scoffed at 



322 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



religion and those who, under- the leadership of a 
remarkable prophet, Nephi, had repented, been bap- 
tized, and looked forward to the Saviour's crucifixion 
and resurrection. 

When the Lord was crucified on Calvary, the Ne- 
phites became fully aware of the event. Three days 
of darkness and great upheavals occurred in the land. 
Many people lost their lives. It is interesting to note 
what Christ said to those who survived. They were 
not called righteous, but only more righteous than 
those who were lost. 

O all ye that are spared because ye were more 
righteous than they, will ye not now return unto me, 
and repent of your sins, and be converted, that I may 
heal you? (3 Nephi 9:13.) 

Questions; 

1. What did the resurrected Lord teach His people? 
(Read especially 3 Nephi 9:13-22 and 11:10-14.) 

2. How would you characterize His attitude, the feel- 
ing and tone of His teaching? 

A Return to Fundamentals 

Jesus did not come in a display of His power and 
glory, in a spirit of chastisement because of the un- 
belief of His people. But, characteristically, He came 
in a spirit of peace, with mercy in His words, with 
the desire to heal the hearts of His people and lead 
them to the Father: 

Yea, verily I say unto you, if ye will come unto 
me ye shall have eternal life. Behold, mine arm of 
mercy is extended towards you, and whosoever will 
come, him will I receive; and blessed are those who 
come unto me. (3 Nephi 9:14.) 

These are words of hope and comfort, expressions of 
love and encouragement, consistent with the whole 
character and mission of the Saviour. They apply 
to all men everywhere, even to us today. 

One might expect the Saviour, the Son of God 
and resurrected Lord, to reveal the mysteries of the 
Kingdom to His people. This He did not do. He 
was content to teach the great but simple funda- 
mental doctrines of the Kingdom, and these He re- 
peated again and again in simple language. 

He came to fulfill the law of Moses. 

Question: 

What is meant by the Saviour's statement: ". . . and 
in me is the law of Moses fulfilled"? (3 Nephi 9: 17; also 
3 Nephi 9:19 and 15:1-10.) 

The Law of Moses to the Jews meant the first five 
books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Levit- 
icus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These include 
not only specific commandments but also the whole 
sacrificial system, the history, and the aspirations of 
the people of Israel. These things contained in the 
Law found an end, a fulfillment, in the mission and 
teachings of Jesus Christ. 



a. He made an end to the shedding of blood and 
burnt offerings. (3 Nephi 9:19.) These had 
no meaning in the light of His own supreme 
sacrifice. (Note Alma 34:10-16.) 

b. Christ fulfilled the hopes of Israel through 
His redemption in their behalf, as Paul recog- 
nized; but Israel as a whole has not recog- 
nized this. 

c. Anyone who will serve Christ and keep His 
commandments will have His Spirit to be with 
him and will keep all significant, enduring 
commandments in the Law of Moses. Jesus 
knew better than any one who has spoken 
before or since how to single out those things 
most fundamental — such as humility, love, 
trust — and weave them into a pattern of un- 
equaled beauty, truth, and inspiration. 

Space prohibits detailed elaboration of His other 
teachings to the Nephites in this lesson. However, 
note in 3 Nephi 9 and 11 His repeated, simple, mov- 
ing pleas for them to come unto Him with "a broken 
heart and a contrite spirit," "as a little child," "to 
repent and be baptized," to have no disputations con- 
cerning points of doctrine, no contention. And finally, 

And again I say unto you, ye must repent, and 
be baptized in my name, and become as a little child, 
or ye can in nowise inherit the kingdom of God. 

Verily, verily, I say unto you, that this is my doc- 
trine, and whoso buildeth upon this buildeth upon 
my rock, and the gates of hell shall not prevail 
against them. 

And whoso shall declare more or less than this, 
and establish it for my doctrine, the same cometh of 
evil, and is not built upon my rock; but he buildeth 
upon a sandy foundation, and the gates of hell stand 
open to receive such when the floods come and the 
winds beat upon them. 

Therefore, go forth unto this people, and declare 
the words which I have spoken, unto the ends of the 
earth. (3 Nephi 11:38-41.) 



Project: 



Define: (a) a broken heart; (b) a contrite spirit; (c) 
the humility of a little child; and (d) repentance. 



CHRIST ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE 
"COME UNTO ME" 

Lesson 38, Oct. 18, 1964 
Chapter 39, Pages 731-742 

IN 3 Nephi there is one central theme, a single leit- 
motiv as in a movement of a great symphony, a 
message that comes through every subject under dis- 
cussion; it is Jesus the Christ saying: "Come unto 
me." We shall in this lesson illustrate this centrality 
of Christ in the Book of Mormon account. 
(Continued on following page.) 



AUGUST 1964 



323 



JESUS THE CHRIST (Continued from preceding page.) 



The Sermon on the Mount 

If one compares the Sermon on the Mount in 
3 Nephi 12-14 with the same in Matthew 5-7, one will 
find them much the same. The Prophet Joseph even 
used the King James biblical language to convey 
the meaning of the Nephite record. The changes 
which do occur, however, contribute for the most part 
to making Jesus Himself central to His teachings. 
They encourage an intimate relationship to Him as 
well as the acceptance of His teachings. Space does 
not permit an exhaustive treatment of this thesis, 
but only a few illustrations. 

The Sermon on the Mount in 3 Nephi 12 has a 
prologue which is not present in Matthew. Twelve 
disciples are chosen to be servants unto the people, 
to baptize and confer the Holy Ghost upon those 
who "believe in me [Christ]". (3 Nephi 12:1, 2.) 
In other words, the Nephites were to be prepared to 
receive and live the lofty teachings which follow in 
the Sermon by first coming down "into the depths of 
humility" through faith in Christ, repentance, bap- 
tism, and the reception of the Holy Ghost. 

In the first Beatitude there is a remarkable ad- 
dition in the Nephite text. Jesus said: 

Yea, blessed are the poor in spirit, who come unto 
me, 1 for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (3 Nephi 
12:3.) 

This phrase — who come unto me — is not repeated 
in the remaining Beatitudes, but since it is in the 
first, it is implicit in the remaining seven. 

Questions: 

1. How does this addition add meaning to the first 
Beatitude? 

2. Illustrate how this phrase enhances the meaning of 
some of the other Beatitudes. 

"The poor in spirit" is usually interpreted as the 
humble, the teachable, those who "feel their spiritual 
need" or their dependence on God. Such an atti- 
tude is always blessed. But one can feel His spiritual 
need and not have it fulfilled, because he does not 
find the truth or the real values of life. The humble 
person who will come unto Christ, however, will find 
the truth, the light, and the way, and rich fulfill- 
ment, even salvation and eternal life. The addition 
of this phrase enriches the meaning of this Beatitude 
at least twofold, if not manyfold. 

The same is true of each Beatitude which follows. 
Each brings all the power and inspiration of fellow- 
ship with Jesus to bear on the moral and religious 
life. Think of how the phrase "who come unto me" 
enriches the Fourth Beatitude! One can hunger and 
thirst after righteousness and never find it, serving 
all manner of false and shallow causes and ideologies 



italics, the writer's. 



along the way. But he who takes Christ — His spirit, 
teachings, and emphasis as standard — cannot but 
find and increase in righteousness. 

The Sacrament 

Chapter 18 of 3 Nephi contains a rich and mean- 
ingful treatment of the sacrament. Read it again, 
and this time for a single purpose — to sense our inti- 
mate relationship to the Saviour in the sacrament. 
Speaking of partaking of the sacrament, Jesus said, 

And this shall ye do in remembrance of my body, 
which I have shown unto you. And it shall be a testi- 
mony unto the Father that ye do always remember 
me. And if ye do always remember me ye shall have 
my spirit to be with you. (3 Nephi 18:7.) 

The Nephites are admonished to minister pa- 
tiently with the wayward, 

. . . For ye know not but what they will return 
and repent, and come unto me with full purpose of 
heart, and I shall heal them. ... (3 Nephi 18:32.) 

Pray in the Name of Christ 

Questions: 

1. Why do we pray in the name of Jesus Christ? 

2. What meaning does this form of prayer add to your 
life? 

In 3 Nephi 18:8-23, Jesus advises the Nephites 
again and again to pray always unto the Father "in 
My name." It is practice and tradition in the Church 
to close prayers in the name of Jesus Christ. Is this 
mere formality? Do we do this simply to honor the 
Saviour, or is there perhaps another meaning? Do 
we thereby attest again and again our faith in the 
Saviour? Do we seek and renew fellowship with 
Him as we pray to the Father? Do we weigh our 
prayers and learn to bring them in harmony with 
His Spirit, ideals, and goals? We suggest that with 
reflection, Christ could play a much more significant 
role in our prayer-life. 

In 3 Nephi 27:4-12, Jesus makes it clear that the 
Church should be called in His name because it is 
His. It is not to be named after any man or any single 
teaching. Christ is the head, the chief cornerstone. 

Questions: 

1. How central is He in our (a) preaching; (b) teach- 
ing; and (c) Church activities? 

2. Do we always remember Him within the various 
spheres of Church life itself? 

3. Suppose you were an M-Men basketball coach — what 
role should Christ play in your coaching? 

In that unusual account of the Three Nephites 
(chapter 28) in which three disciples are permitted 
to remain on the earth until Jesus shall come again, 
we are told that permission was granted, in the words 
of the Master, 



324 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



. . . Because of the thing which ye have desired 
of me, for ye have desired that ye might bring the 
souls of men unto me, while the world shall stand. 
(3 Nephi 28:9.) 

Third Nephi is a second and great witness of 
Christ, spoken in a way that will bring us into an 
intimate relationship with Him, making Him the cen- 
ter of our religious faith and life. 



THE LONG NIGHT OF APOSTASY 

Lesson 39, Oct. 25, 1964 
Chapter 40, Pages 745-755 

THE word apostasy, according to Webster's Dic- 
tionary, means "a standing off from, a defection, 
an abandonment of what one has voluntarily pro- 
fessed, a total desertion or departure from one's faith, 
principles, or party. . . ." In one brief chapter, Elder 
Talmage reviews the whole sweep of Christian his- 
tory from the first to the nineteenth centuries in the 
light of this concept. Obviously all he or we can do 
in so brief a space is to indicate a point of view, a 
basis for further study and consideration of a vast 
and intricate subject. 

Apostasy is a common phenomenon in religious 
history. In every major religion individuals and 
groups have broken away repeatedly from the main 
stream of the Church or sect — sometimes to protest 
the apostasy of the Mother Church and sometimes 
simply in error or sin. It is not uncommon, as evi- 
denced in the Reformation in Christian history, for 
both the Mother Church and the defectors there- 
from to consider one another as apostate. 

Change is inevitable in any movement involving 
people. Conditions vary, and people are individuals; 
so error and/or growth are quite certain to occur. 
No religion and church can remain absolutely static 
and unchanging throughout history. A Roman Cath- 
olic writer, Karl Adam, had a point when he said, in 
effect, that others may talk of primitive simplicity, 
but he preferred Catholic fullness. 2 

Change must come. The question remains: Is 
the change growth toward a fullness or of apostasy 
from the original faith? 

Question: 

How does one evaluate change to know if it is apostasy? 

There is only one sure way and that is to define 
clearly the original norm of Christianity. Since we 
are talking about apostasy from the Gospel and 
Church of Jesus Christ, the Saviour becomes our 



norm and standard. What did He teach? How did 
He ask us to live? What was His purpose in our lives? 
What kind of Church did He establish through which 
to accomplish His goals in human life? 

Once we have clearly in mind the kind of gospel 
and church the Saviour taught and established, then 
we can measure any historical movement at any time 
and place with the norm of Christ, thus measuring 
either growth or defection. This presupposes con- 
siderable knowledge of both the Pristine Gospel and 
Church and of Christian history. 3 

Causes of the Apostasy 

We believe that the followers of Christ in the 
early centuries immediately after His mission on 
earth fell away from the true Gospel and Church 
of Christ. This occurred both on the Western Hem- 
isphere and in Europe and the Near East. 

Questions: 

1. What caused the apostasy among the Nephites? 
Read 4 Nephi. 

2. What were contributing causes in the Mediterranean 
world? 

According to the Nephite record, the falling away 
from Christ came about because Nephites became 
"lifted up in pride . . . divided into classes and . . . 
began to build up churches unto themselves to get 
gain." In the Mediterranean area, corruption of sim- 
ple doctrines, unauthorized changes in the ordinances 
of the Gospel and in church organization and gov- 
ernment, and using religion to maintain and gain 
economic and political power contributed to the loss 
of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Let it be observed 
that in each instance, the apostasy came from within, 
from the failure of Christian disciples to live their 
faith. 

Apostasy Today 

No one is immune to the possibility of falling 
away from the true Gospel and Church of Christ. 
It is unlikely that any outside force can utterly de- 
stroy our faith. Apostasy usually comes gradually, 
slowly, quite unnoticed whether it be in the life of 
an individual, a group, or a whole movement. 

Questions: 

1. What conditions or actions lead an individual to 
apostasy from the Gospel or Church of Christ? 

2. Are any of these discernible in your life or mine 
today? 

3. Wherein do we Latter-day Saints depart from the 
spirit, teachings, or emphasis of Christ? 

4. Is anyone in the Church wholly immune to apostasy? 

5. Is it possible for the present Church as a whole to 
fail the Lord Jesus Christ as did the Nephites and 
early Christians? 



2 In his Spirit of Catholicism, Macmillan Company. 
AUGUST 1964 



■'This approach is outlined in some detail in Lowell L. Bennion, 
The Religion of the Latter-day Saints, L.D.S. Department of Educa- 
tion, 1940; chapter XIV. 
Library File Reference: Jesus Christ. 



325 



Titles and Dates of Sunday School Lessons by Courses 

4th Quarter, 1964 



COURSE OF 
STUDY-1964 


Course No. 1: 
A Gospel of Love 


Course No. 2: 

Growing in 

the Gospel, 

Part 1 


Course No. 4: 

Living Our 

Religion, 

Part 1 


Course No. 6: 
What It Means 

to Be a 
Latter-day Saint 


Course No. 8: 

Old Testament 

Stories 


Course No. 10: 

The Life 

of Christ 


APPROXIMATE 
AGES-1964 


Nursery 
3 


Kindergarten 
4, 5 


Primary 
6, 7 


8, 9 


10, 11 


12, 13 


Date of Lesson 
OCTOBER 4 


Pets Need Us 

To Be Kind 

to Them 

(40) 


We Do Better 

When We Keep 

Trying 

(40) 


The Priesthood 
in the Home 

(40) 


Jesus, the Son of 

God, Is Head of 

This Church 

(37) 


Samuel, the 

King Maker 

(37) 


The Last 

Supper 

(37) 


OCTOBER 11 


Neighbors Should 

Be Kind to 

Each Other 

(41) 


Respecting the 
Rights and 

Belongings of 
Others (41) 


We Make 

Records 

(41) 


Review 


Saul, the 

Nation Builder 

(38) 


In Gethsemane 
(38) 


OCTOBER 18 


We Are Learning 

To Be Kind 

Everywhere We 

Go (42) 


We All Want 
To Be Happy 

(42) 


Pioneer Made 

Records 

(42) 


A Man Must Be 

Called of God 

(38) 


Saul, the 

Rejected King 

(39) 


A Night of 

Persecution 

(39) 


OCTOBER 25 


Many People Are 

Kind to Us at 

Sunday School 

(43) 


Jesus Helps Us 

To Be Happy 

(43) 


The Bible Is a 
Record 

(43) 


A Latter-day Saint 

Believes in 

Freedom of 

Worship (39) 


David, the 

Young 

Champion 

(40) 


On Calvary 

(40) 


NOVEMBER 1 


1 Was a Baby 

When 1 Came To 

Live with My 

Family (44) 


Helping Others 

Makes Everybody 

Happy 

(44) 


The Bible Is a 

Compilation of 

Many Books 

(44) 


A Latter-day 

Saint Is a Good 

Citizen 

(40) 


David in the 

Wilderness of 

Judea 

(41) 


The Resurrection 
(41) 


NOVEMBER 8 


Mother and Daddy 

Are Happy 

1 Came To Live 

with Them (45) 


We Have Many 

Blessings 

(45) 


Jesus Told 
Stories 

(45) 


People Are 

Responsible for 

Their Own Acts 

(41) 


A Shepherd Who 

Became a 

King 

(42) 


Final Visit to 

Galilee 

(42) 


NOVEMBER 15 


1 Came To Live 

in a Family 

(46) 


Blessings Come 

through Work 

(46) 


Letters in the 
Bible 

(46) 


We Follow the 

Counsel and 

Advice of Our 

Church Leaders (42) 


Solomon, the 
Temple Builder 

(43) 


"Feed My Sheep" 
(43) 


NOVEMBER 22 


There Is Love 

in My Family 

for Me 

(47) 


Thanksgiving, a 

Special 

"Thank-You" Day 

(47) 


The Book of 

Mormon Is a 

Record — How We 

Got It (47) 


A Latter-day 

Saint Believes 

in Prophecy 

(43) 


Review 
(44) 


Darkness and 

Destruction 

(44) 


NOVEMBER 29 


My Birthday Is a 
Special Day 

(48) 


We Express 

Gratitude for 

Our Blessings 

(48) 


Nephi Gets the 

Brass Plates 

(48) 


Why 1 Am a 
Mormon 

(44) 


Rehoboam, the 

Foolish 

(45) 


Among the 
Nephites 

(45) 


DECEMBER 6 


Mother and 

Daddy Have 

Birthdays 

(49) 


Jesus Showed 

Us How To Love 

One Another 

(49) 


The Pearl of 

Great Price Is 

a Record 

(49) 


Organization of 

the Church 

Provides Many 

Opportunities (45) 


Jeroboam, the 

Deceitful 

(46) 


End of the 

Mission 

(46) 


DECEMBER 13 


Jesus Was a 

Baby When He 

Came Here To 

Live (50) 


Love Makes Us 

Want To Share 

(50) 


The Pearl of 

Great Price 

(Writings of 

Joseph Smith) (50) 


Joseph Smith— 

The Great 

Latter-day 

Prophet (46) 


Israel and Idol 
Worship 

(47) 


"1 Am with You 

Alway" 

(47) 


DECEMBER 20 


The World Is 

Happy Jesus 

Was Born 

(51) 


Our Heavenly 

Father Loves Us 

(51) 


Christmas 

Lesson 

(51) 


Christmas, a Time 

for Loving and 

Giving 

(47) 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Christmas 
Lesson 


DECEMBER 27 


Jesus Taught Us 
To Love 

(52) 


We Show Our 

Love When We 

Are Kind 

(52) 


Teachings from 

the Doctrine 

and Covenants 

(52) 


What It Means 

To Be a 

Latter-day Saint 

(48) 


Final Review 
(48) 


Looking toward 

the Future 

(48) 



Numbers in parentheses are lesson numbers. 

Reviews are provided for reviewing previous lessons when class instruction is on schedule. 

When instruction is behind, reviews should be used for catching up. 

THE 



326 



INSTRUCTOR 



Titles and Dates of Sunday School Lessons by Courses 



4th Quarter, 1964 



Course No. 12: 
The Church of 

Jesus Christ in 
Ancient Times 


Course No. 14: 

The Message 

of the Master 


Course No. 16: 

The Gospel 

Message 


Course No. 20: 
Genealogical 
Research— A 

Practical Mission 


Course No. 23: 
Teaching 

the 
Gospel 


Course No. 24: 
Gospel Living 
In the Home 


Course No. 26: 

Jesus The 

Christ 


Course No. 28: 

The Articles 

of Faith* 


14, 15 


16, 17 


18, 19, 20, 21 


Genealogical 
Training— Adults 


Preservice 

Teachers — 

Adults 


Family Relations- 
Adults 


Gospel 
Doctrine- 
Adults 


Gospel 
Essentials- 
Adults 


New Patches on 

Old Clothes 

(33) 


The Trials 

(37) 


New Light on the 

Fall and the 

Atonement 

(34) 


Picking a 
Starting Task 

(34) 


The Teacher's 
Calling 

(1) 


Increasing the 

Mental Powers 

(30) 


Review— General 

Conference 

Sunday 


The Book of 

Mormon 

(Continued) 

(36) 


The Most Famous 

Book in the 

World 

(34) 


They Crucified 
Him 
(38) 


The Way of 

Salvation for 

All Men 

(35) 


Research by 

Members Who Are 

First and Second 

Generation (35) 


Developing 

Teaching 

Materials 

(2) 


Maturing the 

Emotions 

(31) 


Ministry of Christ 
on the Western 

Hemisphere 
pp. 721-731 (37) 


Review 


Review 


Him, Whom They 

Pierced 

(39) 


The Way of 

Salvation for 

All Men 

(36) 


Engaging a 

Genealogist To 

Make Searches 

(36) 


Gospel Principles 

Are Vital 

Truths 

(3) 


Human 

Relationships 

(32) 


Ministry of Christ 
on the Western 

Hemisphere (Conf.) 
pp. 731-742 (38) 


Revelation 
(37) 


Biblical Prophets 

Foretell Zion 

(35) 


He Is Risen 
(40) 


The Gathering 

of Israel 

(37) 


Review 


Obedience Is 
Learned 

(4) 


Review 


The Long Night 

of Apostasy 
pp. 745-755 (39) 


Dispersion and 

Gathering of 

Israel— Zion 

(38) 


The Blessing of 

Joseph and Its 

Fulfillment in 

America (36) 


Some 

Appearances of 

the Risen Lord 

(41) 


The Gathering 

of Israel 

(38) 


Assembling and 

Examining 

Research Notes 

(37) 


Teaching Must 

Match Learning 

(5) 


Towards 

Spiritual 

Maturity 

(33) 


Manifestations of 
God and 
Jesus Christ 
pp. 758-767 (40) 

V 


— _ __ — _ ^^—^^^— 

Christ's Reign on 

Earth, Renewal 

of the Earth 

(39) 


Nephi Views 

Our Day 

(37) 


The Final 
Promise 

(42) 


Review 


Assembling 
and Examining 
Research Notes 
(Continued) (38) 


Place of 

Memorization 

(6) 


Free Agency 

and Choice 

(34) 


Manifestations of 

God and Jesus 

Christ (Cont.J 

pp. 767-771 (41) 


Review 


A Gentile Crosses 

Many Waters 

(38) 


Peter's 
Leadership 

(43) 


L.D.S. 

Contributions 

to Scripture 

(39) 


Problems in 

Assembling 

Individual Family 

Group Sheet (39) 


Matching Lesson 
Content to 
Readiness 

(7) 


Tests and 

Trials 

(35) 


Manifestations of 
God and Jesus 
Christ (Cont.) 

pp. 771-775 (42) 


The Resurrection 
(40) 


Review 


The Church 

Grows 

(44) 


L.D.S. 

Contributions 

to Scripture 

(40) 


Seeing A Job 

Through — 
Achieving Its 
Objective (40) 


Good Lessons 

Present One 

Concept 

(8) 


Man: Created 

and Creator 

(36) 


Manifestations of 
God and Jesus 
Christ (Cont.) 

pp. 775-777 (43) 


Religious Liberty 

and Toleration 

(41) 


The Conquest of 

Mexico 

(39) 


Peter's Vision 
(45) 


The Second 

Coming of Christ 

(41) 


Review 


Teaching 

Concepts about 

Religion 

(9) 


Hidden 

Treasure 

(37) 


Jesus the Christ 

To Return 
pp. 780-785 (44) 


Submission to 

Secular Authority 

(42) 


Englishmen in 

Search of 

Freedom 

(40) 


Paul among the 

Gentiles 

(46) 


The Second 

Coming of Christ 

(42) 


Adding to and 

Correcting Family 

Group Records 

(41) 


Teaching 

Concepts about 

Persons 

(10) 


Joy Comes 

through 
Obedience 

(38) 


Jesus the Christ 
To Return 
(Continued) 

pp. 785-792 (45) 


Practical Religion 

— Home and 

Marriage 

(43) 


Freedom Won 
(41) 


Unto Caesar 
Shalt Thou Go 

(47) 


Church Program 

for Material 

Needs of Its 

Members (43) 


Orderly 

Preservation of 

Research Notes 

(42) 


Teaching about 

Inner Feelings 

01) 


Priorities and 

Emphases 

(39) 


Review 


Practical Religion 

— Spirituality 

(44) 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Teaching 

about Objects 

(12) 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Christmas 
(Special Lesson) 


Christmas 
Lesson 


Freedom 

Guaranteed 

(42) 


The Message of 

the Epistles 

(48) 


Church Program 

for Material 

Need of Its 

Members (44) 


All Things Are 

Possible to Him 

That Believeth 

(43) 


Teaching about 

Size, Place, 

Time 

(13) 


The Personal 

Commitment 

(40) 


General 

Discussion — 

Teachings of Jesus 

in Our Lives 


Practical Religion 

Benevolence of 

the Church 

(45) 



Numbers in parentheses are lesson numbers. 
*For Course No. 28 use teacher's supplement prepared by David Lawrence McKay. 



AUGUST 1964 



327 



In the Mouth 

of Two or Three 

Witnesses 

by Richard 0. Cowan 

In a court of law a man's life or property may 
depend on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 
As a historian seeks to reconstruct the past, the 
best he can do is to rely on the testimony of wit- 
nesses. Testimonies of witnesses, both ancient and 
modern, form an important segment of the founda- 
tion upon which we build our faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

Four New Testament witnesses wrote accounts of 
the life of the Saviour as they knew it. Each wrote 
from a different point of view, so each account con- 
tributes information and insight not found in the 
others. 

Matthew was one of the Twelve and a former 
Publican and Roman tax collector. Because the Jew- 
ish people hated paying taxes to foreign overlords, 
the Publicans were a resented and despised class. 
Matthew, the former Publican, wanted to convince 
his Jewish audience that Jesus was the Christ, so 
this Gospel is full of instances in which the Lord 
fulfilled prophecies concerning the coming Messiah. 

Mark, according to tradition, was a disciple of 
Peter; and this gospel reflects the latter's testimony 
of Christ. As Peter appears to have been a man 
more of action than of contemplation, even so is 
Mark the most brief of the four gospels and em- 
phasizes the narrative of the Saviour's deeds. 

Luke was probably a Greek physician; he care- 
fully researched the life of Christ and then reported 
only those things which could be most certainly be- 
lieved. (Luke 1:1-4.) Writing to Theophilus, Luke 
included in his narrative items having a broad range 
of interest. 

John was perhaps the last of the four gospels to 
be written, so this account appears to emphasize 
phases of the Lord's ministry not stressed in the 
earlier accounts. John highlighted events of the week 
preceding the crucifixion and taught the doctrine of 
Christ's pre-earthly existence. 

Old Testament prophets looked forward to the 
Lord's mortal advent: 

Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; 



Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and 
shall call his name Immanuel. 

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is 
given: and the government shall be upon his shoul- 
ders: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Coun- 
sellor, The Mighty God, The everlasting Father, The 
Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 7:14; 9:6.) 

Book of Mormon prophets proclaimed: 

And behold, he shall be born of Mary, at Jeru- 
salem which is the land of our forefathers, she being 
a virgin, a precious and chosen vessel, who shall be 
overshadowed and conceive by the power of the Holy 
Ghost, and bring forth a son, yea, even the Son of 
God. (Alma 7:10.) 

The Bible records many of the events of the 
Lord's mortal ministry from the time of His birth 
to His ascension into heaven 40 days after the resur- 
rection. The Book of Mormon records in 3 Nephi 
many events during the Lord's visit to His "other 
sheep" (John 10:16) in America. The Saviour re- 
peated the Sermon on the Mount and other signifi- 
cant portions of the teachings He had given in the 
Holy Land. The Book of Mormon record of these 
sayings thus constitutes a witness to the truthful- 
ness of the biblical account. In many instances, 
furthermore, the Book of Mormon gives a more com- | fe 
plete account and often throws new light on the 
meaning of passages found in the New Testament. 
These two witnesses, therefore, not only sustain each 
other in bearing testimony of Christ, but also com- 
plement each other in giving us a greater under- 
standing of His Gospel. 1 

In these last days the Lord has again made Him- 
self known. Revelations opening the dispensation 
of the fulness of times have been compiled and are 
found in the Doctrine and Covenants, the modern 
witness for Christ. 

Latter-day Saints should be grateful for the ad- 
ditional witnesses of the Saviour. These scriptures 
ought to be constantly studied and thoroughly 
learned by all who love the Lord and wish to pat- 
tern their lives after His Gospel. Still another wit- 
ness is available to those who would have a testi- 
mony of Jesus Christ. To those who search the 
scriptures, the Lord has promised: 

And when ye shall receive these things, I would 
exhort you that ye would ask Qod, the Eternal 
Father, in the name of Christ, if these things are not 
true; and if ye shall ask with a sincere heart, with 
real intent, having faith in Christ, he will manifest 
the truth of it unto you, by the power of the Holy 
Ghost. (Moroni 10:4.) 



(For Course 4, lesson of October 25, "The Bible Is a Record"; 
for Course 6, lesson of October 4, "Jesus, the Son of God, Is the 
Head of This Church"; and for Course 14, lesson of November 3, 
"Some Appearances of the Risen Lord"; and of general interest.) 



Tor a comparison of doctrinal teachings in the Bible and Book 
of Mormon see "In the Mouth of Two Witnesses," by Richard O. 
Cowan, The Instructor, July, 1960, page 247, and accompanying inside 
back cover chart. 
Library File Reference: Jesus Christ — Divinity. 



328 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



Witnesses 

For Christ 

". . . In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall 
every word be established." 1 




"When the Savior shall appear we shall see him 
as he is. We shall see that he is a man like our- 
selves." (Doctrine and Covenants 130:1.) 



OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETS: 

ABRAHAM: 

"And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, 
the Lord appeared to Abram. . . ." (Genesis 17:1, 18:1, 
26:2-5. See also Abraham 2:6.) 

JACOB: 

"... I have seen God face to face, and my life is 
preserved." (Genesis 32:30; see also 28:12, 13, and 35:9.) 

MOSES: 

"Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and 
Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: And they 
saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet 
as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it 
were the body of heaven in his clearness." (Exodus 
24:9, 10. See also 33:10-11, 21-23. See Moses 1:1-6.) 



SOLOMON: 



time. 



. the Lord appeared to Solomon the second 
(/ Kings 9:2.) 



ISAIAH: 

"... I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high 
and lifted up, and his train filled the temple." (Isaiah 
6:1. See also 2 Nephi 11:2.) 

LATTER-DAY PROPHETS: 

JOSEPH SMITH: 

"... When the light rested upon me I saw 
two personages, whose brightness and glory defy all 
description, standing above me in the air. One of them 
spake unto me, calling me by name and said, pointing 
to the other — This is My Beloved Son. Hear Him! 
(Joseph Smith 2:17.) 

JOSEPH SMITH AND SIDNEY RIGDON: 

"And now, after the 
many testimonies which have been given of him, this 
is the testimony, last of all, which we give of him: That 
he lives! For we saw him. . . . (Doctrine and Covenants 
76:22, 23. See also 130:1.) 

JOSEPH SMITH AND OLIVER COWDERY: 

"We saw the Lord stand- 
ing upon the breastwork of the pulpit, before us; and 
under his feet was a paved work of pure gold, in color 
like amber." (Doctrine and Covenants 110:2; see verse 
3 also.) 

LORENZO SNOW: 

"He stood right here, about three feet 
above the floor. It looked as though he stood on a plate 
of solid gold." Pres. Snow "described His hands, feet, 
countenance and beautiful white robes. . . ." 2 

JOSEPH F. SMITH: 

". . . the Son of God appeared, declaring 
liberty to the captives who had been faithful. . . ." 3 

PRES. DAVID O. McKAY: 

"I . . . fell asleep and beheld . . . 
something infinitely sublime. . . . I . . . saw a great 
concourse of people. . . . Instantly my attention seemed 
centered upon the Leader, and though I could see only 
the profile of his features and his body, I recognized 
him at once as my Saviour! The tint and radiance of 
his countenance were glorious to behold!" 4 



THE NEW TESTAMENT: 

SIMON PbTER: 

". . . Thou art the Christ, the Son of the 
living God. . . . Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for 
flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my 
Father which is in heaven." (Matthew 16:16-17. .See 
also Acts 10:40, 41.) 

THE ELEVEN: 

"Then the eleven disciples went away into 
Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed 
them. . . . And Jesus came and spake unto them. . . ." 
(Matthew 28:16-18. See also Matthew 28:9; Mark 16:9, 
10, 12, 14; Luke 24:14-48.) 

MARY MAGDALENE: 

"Mary Magdalene came and told the 
disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had 
spoken these things unto her." (John 20: 18.) 

THOMAS: 

"Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy 
finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, 
and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but 
believing. And Thomas answered and said unto him, My 
Lord and my God." (John 20:27, 28.) 

STEPHEN: 

". . . Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the 
Son of man standing on the right hand of God." (Acts 
7:56.) 

PAUL: 

"At midday, King, I saw in the way a light from 
heaven, above the brightness of the sun . . . and ... I 
heard a voice speaking unto me, . . . And he said, I am 
Jesus whom thou persecutest ... I have appeared unto 
thee ... to make thee a minister and a witness. . . ." 
(Acts 26:13-16; see also Acts 9.) 

THE BOOK OF MORMON: 

NEPHI AND JACOB: 

". . . for he (Isaiah) verily saw my Re- 
deemer, even as I have seen him. And my brother, 
Jacob, also has seen him. ... (2 Nephi 11:2, 3.) 

MORMON: 

"... I was visited of the Lord, and tasted and 
knew of the goodness of Jesus." (Mormon 1:15.) 

BROTHER OF JARED: 

". . . Behold, I am Jesus Christ. . . . 
Behold, this body, which ye now behold, is the body of 
my spirit; . . . and even as I appear unto thee to be 
in the spirit will I appear unto my people in the flesh. 
(Ether 3: 14, 16.) 

MORONI: 

"And then shall ye know that I have seen Jesus, 
and that he hath talked with me face to face, and that 
he told me in plain humility, even as a man telleth 
another in mine own language, concerning these things." 
(Ether 12:39.) 



THE MULTITUDES. 



See 3 Nephi 8-28. 



JDoctrine and Covenants 6:28. 

2 "Modern Witnesses of Jesus Christ," by H. George Bickerstaff; The 
Instructor, March, 1961; page 100. 



3 "Modern Witnesses of Jesus Christ," page 101. 

4 "Latter-day Prophets Receive Revelation Today," by Joseph Fielding 
Smith, Jr.; The Instructor, November, 1963; page 385. 



<&Vj&V*0^<^K&V&*&V*0V J 0*K^\<0V&V*&V^K&V^\&*^^ 



THE INSTRUCTOR 



AUGUST 1964 



Compiled by Burl Shephard. 



Second Class Postage Paid 
at Salt Lake City, Utah 



Let Us Reason Together 

The Prophet Isaiah: He was a poet who was practical. 



I was licking my wounds. 
An associate on a project had 
been hurt by my words. 

I related the incident to a friend 
of many years. My friend replied: 
"You commanded when you should 
have counseled. After all, your as- 
sociate had as much right as you 
to make those decisions. Your de- 
cisions were not necessarily wrong. 
In fact, your associate would have 
probably gone along with you on 
each of them — had you asked in- 
stead of commanded." 

Actually my wise friend was say- 
ing what Isaiah, that ancient 
prophet- statesman, had written: 

"Come now, and let us reason 
together. . . Z' 1 

Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., has won his 
place as a genius in organization 
in the world of business. This shy, 
slender, sweat-loving son of a 
Brooklyn merchant guided the 
world's largest manufacturing cor- 
poration, General Motors, longer 
than any other man. 2 In his auto- 
biography, My Years with General 
Motors, 3 Mr. Sloan describes the 
rise of this mighty industrial em- 
pire and the organizational pat- 
terns and practices which have 
made it tick. Repeatedly through 
the book one catches the power of 
Isaiah's counsel : ". . . let us reason 
together." 

Mr. Sloan describes the begin- 
nings of General Motors in 1908, 
the same year Henry Ford an- 
nounced the Model T. General 
Motors' founder was William C. 
Durant, an automotive wizard with 

(For Course 4, lesson of September 20, 
"Working Together"; for Course 24, lesson 
of October 18, "Human Relationships"; and 
for general reading.) 

Isaiah 1:18. 

2 Mr. Sloan was president of General Mo- 
tors Corporation 1923-37, chairman of the 
board 1937-56. 

3 Alfred P Sloan, Jr., My Years With Gen- 
eral Motors; Doubleday & Company, Inc., 
Garden City, New York, 1964. 



rare imagination, generous human 
qualities, and high integrity. But, 
Mr. Sloan points out, Mr. Durant 
"overloaded himself." Important 
decisions had to wait until he was 
free, and then they were often 
made impulsively. There was not 
enough "let us reason together." 

General Motors ran into finan- 
cial troubles in 1920, when most of 
the corporation's divisions were 
overspending. Each division was 
out for itself. There was not enough 
"let us reason together" between 
the heads of Cadillac, Chevrolet, 
Buick, and other divisions. 

General Motors, after a shaky 
infancy, became great, Mr. Sloan 
notes, "because of its people and 
the way they work together." 

Once asked about his recipe for 
handling men, Mr. Sloan replied: 
"I never give orders. . . . Perhaps 
an executive, through years of 
building up confidence, might get 
to the point where he could afford 
to say, 'You do this because I ask 
you to.' But an executive is wrong 
so many times himself that this 
would be a dangerous course to 
follow. He would miss so many 
opportunities for obtaining wise 
counsel." 

Mr. Sloan continued: "If people 
can get each other's point of view, 
disagreement as to policies and 
courses o f action are usually 
slight." 4 

"Let us reason together" is vital 
in business. It is even more im- 
portant in the home and classroom. 
Many a heartache and heartbreak 
comes because there are commands 
instead of reasoning together — be- 
tween husband and wife, mother 

*B. C. Forbes and O. D. Foster, Automo- 
tive Giants of America; B. C. Forbes Pub- 
lishing Company, New York, N.Y., 1926; 
pages 237-239. 




and daughter, father and son, and 
teacher and pupil. 

The other day I called a friend 
for a donation to a political candi- 
date's campaign. This friend is 
known as a tough, successful busi- 
nessman. His reply: "I think I'll 
contribute. I am in sympathy. But 
before I give you my answer, I 
must talk it over with my wife." 

I have known that man for dec- 
ades. Hard fighting as he is on 
Main Street, he seems to enjoy a 
happy home. He and his wife 
"reason together." 

Another friend, a teacher, told 
me about getting close to a son on 
a mountain hike. And there was a 
woman who spent some of her most 
delightful moments in the wee 
hours visiting with her daughter 
upon the daughter's return from 
dates. 

One of the most stimulating 
teachers I ever had was a thin, 
gray-haired instructor in English 
who pursued learning with us stu- 
dents as his partners. He led us to 
reason together in probing the art 
of writing. Study with him, rather 
than for him, became exciting. 

I have long admired Isaiah. He 
was a poet who was practical, a 
prophet who looked, with God, 
centuries into the future. But this 
week my respect for Isaiah has 
reached a new high as I have read 
and reread his gem: 

"Come now, and let us reason 
together. ..." 

— Wendell J. Ashton. 

Library File Reference: Counseling.